Anemia of children (1985)

Film №38661, 2 parts, duration: 0:19:41
Production: Centrnauchfilm (CNF)
Director:Gnesin M.
Screenwriters:N.Finogenova, L.Nikulin
Camera operators:S.Moskalev

Annotation:

The film is about the main types of anemia, occurring at an early age. The causes of the disease, clinical and laboratory diagnosis and treatment of all types of disease.

Reel №1 Anemia of children

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Alternating frames from the life of hematopoietic cells.

A doctor at the laboratory equipment.

A small child.

Children with anemia.

Children's ski competitions.

Participants and fans.

Blood cells under a microscope.

Nuclear-free cells filled with hemoglobin are red blood cells.

The movement of blood through the vessels.

Blood with a reduced number of red blood cells under a microscope.

A small child with anemia.

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common.

Wards in a children's hospital where children with anemia are treated.

A sample of fossil iron in ore.

Red bone marrow cell.

Saturated with iron, it synthesizes hemoglobin and turns into a red blood cell.

Newly formed red blood cells enter the bloodstream and supply the body with oxygen, old, obsolete, getting into the spleen are destroyed.

The iron released during the decay re-enters the bone marrow.

This is an ongoing process.

Small iron losses are compensated by ingestion with food.

Breakfast for children in kindergarten.

A cartoon explaining the process of iron absorption by the body during meals.

The reason for iron deficiency at an early age is the rapid growth of the child.

Children in the nursery.

A play room in the kindergarten.

Another reason.

During pregnancy, iron intake may be limited by toxicosis of the pregnant woman or pathology of the placenta.

The doctor does an ultrasound of a pregnant woman.

Premature babies in an incubator.

They have a high risk of iron deficiency.

Newborns are being taken to feed their mothers.

The importance of natural feeding is great.

Samples of complementary foods.

Mom feeds the baby for up to a year with complementary foods.

Dairy products recommended for baby feeding.

Iron deficiency can occur when intestinal absorption is impaired.

A cartoon explaining this process.

As a result, iron deficiency anemia occurs.

Children with this disease.

The main signs of this disease are pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, blue sclera.

The lack of iron in cellular enzymes causes trophic disorders of the skin and its derivatives.

Demonstration of signs in a sick child.

A sample of a sick child's hair under a microscope.

The cardiovascular system reacts quickly to the lack of iron, tachycardia appears, systolic noise is heard.

Examination by a doctor of a sick child.

The emotional tone is noticeably reduced.

Without peripheral blood examination, the diagnosis of anemia cannot be established.

Blood sampling for analysis.

The laboratory where blood tests are performed.

Anemia is characterized by weak red blood cell staining, anise and

poikilocytosis.

Studies of the color index of blood.

Biochemical blood tests in a child.

Studies on the reduction of serum iron and transferrin saturation coefficient provide convincing evidence of iron deficiency.

A sample of fossil iron in ore.

Iron preparations.

The doctor gives children drugs against anemia.

A game room in the kindergarten.

The child is in the arms of a nurse in the hospital.

Unlike iron deficiency anemia, hemolytic anemia is severe.

The doctor comes into the room to the child.

Only a correct diagnosis and timely treatment saves a child's life.

Cartoon explaining the cause of hemolytic anemia.

Key words

Iron deficiency anemia.

Calendar: 1985

Reel №2

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The child is being taken to the intensive care unit.

Acute crises are typical for all forms of hemolytic anemia.

Patients suddenly have a fever, jaundice appears, and hemoglobin drops sharply.

A sick child.

Blood sampling.

Laboratory.

Only with a blood test can hemolytic anemia be distinguished from hepatitis and other diseases.

Hemolytic anemia has many common signs, but each has its own specific features.

It is these features that allow you to make the right diagnosis and choose the right treatment tactics.

Scientific laboratory.

Hereditary spherocytosis is a classic example of hemolytic anemia.

A cartoon explaining the nature of the disease.

Signs of hereditary spherocytosis: always pronounced jaundice of the skin, sclera, characteristic tower shape of the skull, wide bridge of the nose, high Gothic sky.

The most important sign of the disease is a dense, enlarged spleen.

Changes in peripheral blood are specific.

Spherical red blood cells appear in large numbers, a view under a microscope.

Their diameter is reduced.

The number of reticulocytes, young red blood cells interspersed with cytoplasm, sharply increases.

The minimal asthmatic resistance of erythrocytes decreases.

Even with a small dilution of the saline solution, the cells are destroyed.

The only radical method of treatment of hereditary spherocytosis is splenectomy.

There is an operation to remove the spleen.

Medical consultation.

After the operation, the child is practically healthy.

A hemolytic crisis can be triggered by taking medications.

A sample of the medicine.

This is usually observed in patients with a deficiency of definate glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.

A cartoon explaining the appearance of a hemolytic crisis after taking medications.

The skin acquires an olive shade.

The disease occurs in an acute form, often accompanied by renal failure.

Typically, the appearance of urine is brown or black.

Laboratory examination of urine.

Traces of hemoglobin and its decay products were found.

Degenerative forms of erythrocytes and their fragments schizocytes appear in the peripheral blood.

Their view under the microscope.

As a sign of regeneration, there are normoblasts, nuclear cells of red blood.

Neutrophilic leukocytosis is typical.

Only urgent administration of concentrated glucose solutions and diuretics prevent kidney failure.

With a sharp drop in hemoglobin, the erythrocyte mass is transfused.

The child is on a drip.

View from the hospital window to the park.

A sick child.

The main cause of severe immune anemia is viral diseases.

Cartoon explaining the nature of immune anemia.

Immune hemolytic crisis occurs suddenly, acutely.

Severe anemia syndrome is the main sign of the disease.

The cardiovascular system always suffers, the pallor of the skin is pronounced.

The liver and spleen are moderately enlarged.

Diagnosis of immune anemia is also difficult because peripheral blood analysis resembles hereditary spherocytosis.

A blood test is shown to clarify the diagnosis.

The main treatment is glucocorticoid therapy.

A sample of the medicine.

At the threat of an anemic coma, washed erythrocytes are urgently transfused.

The child is on a drip.

Medical examination of children.

Scientific research of anemia diseases.

Key words

Hemolytic anemia.
Hereditary spherocytosis.
Hemolytic crisis.
Immune anemia.

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