They are from the nightshade family. (1987)

Documentary №51728, 3 parts, duration: 0:29:49
Production: Centrnauchfilm (CNF)
Director:Kruglova N.
Screenwriters:Kaspe N.


The history of the emergence of nightshade in Russia. Amateur vegetable growers and their experience. The wealth of ovos grown on amateur plots.

Reel №1

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Tropical trees of Central and South America belonging to the Solanaceae family.

Large leaves and white flowers.




The film stars the clowns Bim and Bom.

Sketches of the life of American Indians.

Bim found a tomato.

Portrait of Columbus.

Drawing of a traveler on the background of a ship.


Engravings of European cities in the middle of the XVI century.

A dish with different varieties of tomatoes.

Portrait of the Swedish naturalist Linnaeus.

Portrait of Efim Drachev, a horticulturist who was engaged in growing tomatoes in Russia.

Engraving of a greenhouse for growing tomatoes.

Close-up, a boy eating a tomato.

Birch grove.

Bim and Bom are trying to plant a tomato.

Dmitry Fedorovich Borzinkov, a vegetable grower, tells.

Borzenkov shows how he prepares tomato seeds.

The full-fledged seeds squeezed out of the tomato sink to the bottom of the dishes.

Foil bags with seeds.

The family helps Dmitry Fedorovich.

Preparation and planting of seeds.

Steaming of the soil.

This earth is filled with the space between the cups of compost with seeds.

The container is covered with a film and put in a dark place for 4-6 days, until the first leaves.

When the sheets appear, the film is removed.

Every 10-15 days feeding with a nutrient mixture.

The room with seedlings is illuminated.

Seedlings are planted in the open ground in the evening or on a cloudy day.

The distance between plants is 30-35cm.

In frosts and on rainy days, Dmitry Fedorovich Borzinkov covers the seedlings with a film.

Mikhail Petrovich Sokolov, a vegetable grower, tells.

Key words



Borzinkov D.F., ovoschevod. Sokolov M.P., ovoschevod. Hristofor Kolumb, moreplavatelj. Karl Linnej, uchenij. Efim Drachev, selekcioner-ogorodnik.

Reel №2

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Mikhail Petrovich Sokolov, a vegetable grower, tells and shows.

Treatment of seeds with potassium permanganate.

Fight against late blight.

Spraying tomatoes.

All nightshade plants suffer from the same diseases, the pathogens of which persist in the soil for a long time.

Intersperse the nightshade with cucumbers, zucchini and cabbage.

It is necessary to water the seedlings not after planting, but before, and sprinkle the sprouts with dry earth.

Then water moderately once every 10-12 days.

To increase the yield of tomatoes, it is necessary to form a bush correctly.

To do this, you need to know exactly the variety and name.

The hybrid "Babies" should not be allowed to stretch out.

Strongly grown form into one stem.

Weakly grown in two.

The main stem goes in one direction, and the stem from the stepson goes in the other.

A bush with three stems - the main one goes up, and from the stepsons in different directions.

30-40 days before the end of the growing season, a pinch is carried out, two or three leaves are left over the upper inflorescence and the growth point is removed.

About three months pass between planting and harvesting.


In the middle zone, they can be grown only in greenhouses.

Alternating frames with different varieties of peppers.

Clowns imitate the creation of a greenhouse.

Samples of private greenhouses.

Nina Alekseevna Militsina is watering vegetables in the greenhouse.

Peppers and eggplants grow without forming a bush.

Nina Alekseevna ties them to the trellises, and they develop freely.

Ripe eggplants.

Alternating frames with different varieties of eggplant.

For the middle band, it is best to use early-ripening varieties.


Mexican physalis.

Alexandra Semyonovna Frolova shows the physalis plantation.

Alexandra Semyonovna Frolova tells.

Physical care.

Ripe physalis and products from it.

Alexandra Semyonovna Frolova writes articles.

Key words



Sokolov M.P., ovoschevod. Milicina N.A., ovoschevod. Frolova A.S., ovoschevod.

Reel №3

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Freshly dug potatoes in the hands of clowns.

Portrait of Peter I.

Potato flowers, fruit with seeds.

Tubers of different potato varieties.

In the twenties of April, Dmitry Fedorovich Borzinkov plants sprouted tubers in boxes with earth.

Accelerated shooting of potato germination, root and bush growth.

Samples of potato sprouts that are planted in the ground.

Planting potatoes in the ground.


Loosening and hoeing.

On the night of planting early potatoes, it is necessary to hide a kind of film.

Colorado beetle, leaves eaten by a beetle.

Dmitry Fedorovich uses ash to fight the Colorado potato beetle.

A new crop of potatoes.

Demonstration of tomato fruits of different varieties.

Harvesting tomatoes.

Storage of unripe tomatoes in the old way in felt boots.

Maturation in ordinary boxes.

Mikhail Petrovich Sokolov breeds many useful plants.

The bird landed on Mikhail Petrovich's hand.

Tomatoes of 40 varieties were grown by the Borzinkov family.

Peppers are ripe.

Dmitry Fedorovich Borzinkov tells.


Dmitry Fedorovich works in his garden.

Sokolov's family drinks tea on their plot.

Bim and Bom greet the participants of the film with flowers and sit down at a table filled with dishes made from vegetables from their plots.

The participants of the film demonstrate the fruits grown on their plots.

Key words

Nightshade crops.


Borzinkov D.F., ovoschevod. Sokolov M.P., ovoschevod.

Locations: Moscow region [788]

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