Biology Physics plus (1975)

Documentary №39550, 2 parts, duration: 0:15:43
Production: Sverdlovsk newsreel studio
Camera operators:Metscheryagin


The film covers scientific works aimed at revealing potential abilities of plants.

Reel №1

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Streets of different cities of the planet.

Combines harvest wheat.

Frescoes of ancient Egypt, which depict agricultural work.

Watering machines.

The plane is scattering fertilizers.


Panorama of the greenhouse complex.

Greenhouse with lighting with special lamps.

Seedlings in the greenhouse.

Thickets of cucumbers in the greenhouse.

Rhythmic switching on and off of the light in the greenhouse.

Two sprouts of the same cabbage variety.

One receives light 15 hours a day, the other 16 hours.

The second one quickly faded and gave seeds.

The first one will grow, accumulate leaves, but will not go to flowering.

If you choose the optimal actin-rhythmic mode, the plant will give a good harvest.

Tomatoes that receive 14 o'clock in the afternoon and 10 o'clock at night will yield 6 times more than the same tomatoes without a regime.

Artificial climate station - phytotrons.

Electronics and automation help to create strictly specified lighting conditions, temperature, humidity.

Phytotron is also a laboratory of different profiles.

A scientist works in a laboratory.

Lighting indicator.

Plants are illuminated from the side, as at dawn or sunset.

Scientists can decompose light and find out the effect of light on wheat.

Wheat sprouts prefer red light to blue.

They don't like the green light at all.

If necessary, you can bring the plant closer to the lighting.

Not all rays are beneficial, the water screen cuts off the harmful part of the spectrum.

A chamber where powerful dry winds are simulated.

A spaceship takes off.

The spaceships of the future are flying phytotrons.

A prototype created at the Institute of Physics of the Siberian Branch

USSR Academy OF Sciences.

Scientists tell us.

Key words


Calendar: 1975

Locations: Moscow [820] Leningrad [848]

Reel №2

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In the simulation of space flight, chlorella absorbed carbon dioxide, instead it produced oxygen in a special cultivator compartment.

Continuation of the scientist's story.

Two sections of the phytotron.

The crew consisted of 4 people.

Planting wheat and at the same time ready wheat in phytotron.

Harvesting takes place every five days.

Harvesting radishes.

The experiment confirmed that in an artificial climate

several square meters of the phytotron field can give one person water, feed and supply oxygen.

The conclusion is that food should be grown in phytotrons, and gardens and parks should be grown in the vacant spaces.

Watermelons and melons grown in phytotron.

It is possible to grow light-loving plants not only in summer, but also in winter.

Watermelon, radish.

A hybrid product of white cabbage and radish is radish salad.

Only the seventh generation of radish salad became edible, with the help of phytotron, it was possible to shorten the breeding period of the hybrid variety.

Phytotron chamber, where they work on the removal of short-stemmed, non-growing wheat.

Wheat sprouts of the Aurora brand.

In field trials, this wheat yielded a yield of 100 quintals per hectare.

In the phytotron, one grain of "Aurora" gave a bush of wheat sprouts.

The harvest in the phytotron has become 15 times larger than the harvest in the field.

Bread at the bakery.

Streets of the city.


Key words

Breeding of new varieties of useful plants.

Calendar: 1975

Locations: Moscow [820]



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