Peoples Court. (1946)

Documentary №48557, 6 parts, duration: 0:56:51
Production: CSDF (RCSDF)
Director:R. Karmen, E. Svilova
Camera operators:R. Karmen, B. Makaseev, S. Semenov, V. Shtatland
Other authors:zvuk V. Kotov, V. Nesterov, muz. of-e A. Gran

Annotation:

A film about the Nuremberg trial of Nazi criminals in 1946.

Historical background:

This film was created in 1946, when the international Tribunal tried German-fascist war criminals in Nuremberg. The process lasted 10 months. On the night of November 16, 1946, the sentence was carried out in the Nuremberg prison.

Temporary description:

Newsreel of 1945. Panorama of the streets of Berlin. Red banner over the Reichstag. Prisoners on the streets of the city. City Of Nuremberg. Panorama of destruction. The building of the prison where Nazi criminals sit. The courtroom at Nuremberg. Sitting participants in the Nuremberg trials, the international military Tribunal, including the judge from the USSR, major General I. T. Nikitchenko. Among the Soviet press there are writers: I. Ehrenburg, V. Ivanov, V. Vishnevsky, artist B. Efimov. In the dock are war criminals: G. Goering, R. ISS, I. Ribbentrop, V. Keitel, E. Kaltenbrunner, A. Rosenberg, G. Frank, Y. Streicher, V. Funk, G. Schacht, Admiral Doenitz and others. Among the speakers at the trial: the chief Prosecutor from the United States, Robert Jackson, the chief Prosecutor from the USSR, R. A. Rudenko. The verdict of the court rendered by the International military Tribunal is read out. On the night of October 16, 1946, the sentence was carried out in the Nuremberg prison. Corpses of criminals. 1960's. German soldiers March with torches, on the walls of the fascist swastika.

Reel №1

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Newsreel of 1945:

Soviet soldiers on tanks drive through the streets of Berlin to capitulate.

The Soviet flag flies over the Reichstag.

Brandenburg gate is on fire.

White flags hang from the Windows of houses as a sign of the surrender of the fascists.

Hitler's generals, who surrendered, come out of the underground shelter.

Captured German soldiers pass through the streets of Berlin.

Surrendered captured arrested Goering, Keitel, Lucifer, the Jodl, Ribbentrop, the corpse of Goebbels shot himself.

The main war criminals are walking up the prison stairs.

Ruins of Nuremberg (with movement).

Newsreel of the 30s.:

Nazi parade with banners at the stadium in Nuremberg.

On the podium is Hitler.

Hitler drives through the streets of Nuremberg.

Newsreel 1946:

A disabled person on crutches walks through the Nuremberg stadium.

The wall of the Nuremberg prison; the sentry walks-Ms.

PNRM.

Interior view of the prison building-LS.

The sentry passes along the corridor past the doors of the cells of Ribbentrop, Keitel, Goering.

Newsreel of the 30s.:

PNRM. from the roofs of houses in Nuremberg to the marching Hitler soldiers (before the war).

Newsreel 1946:

The main war criminals are escorted into the courtroom to the dock.

Soviet soldiers stand at the door of the courthouse.

People serving the work of the international Tribunal go to the courthouse.

General view of the courtroom in Nuremberg before the start of the session.

Soviet, British and American prosecutors are sitting at the table.

The defendants in the courtroom.

Documents collected by the Soviet prosecution-PNRM., CU.

Photocopies of documents are made in the laboratory.

Documents are reproduced on rotators.

Books written by leaders of fascism.

Soviet artists B. Yefimov, Kukryniksy (Kupriyanov, Krylov, N. Sokolov) sit in the press seats and make sketches.

Drawings by Soviet artists made in the courtroom-CU., MS.

Representatives of the Soviet press: writers I. Ehrenburg, V. Ivanov, V. Vishnevsky.

The Soviet communications center transmits materials from the courtroom to the Soviet press.

There is a recording of speeches at the trial-MS.

At the English communication center, soldiers of the Signal corps transmit telegrams from the courtroom.

Buildoperate transferred photos from the courtroom.

Sit translators, foreign journalists, prosecutors, defense in the courtroom.

Key words

Court.
World War II.

Reel №2

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Newsreel 1946:

The building of the Nuremberg Palace of Justice, where the trial of major war criminals is held.

Flags of the USSR, France, England and the United States on the building.

There is a trial, the defendants speak.

Newsreel of 1939-1945.:

Destroyed villages, peaceful people without shelter, prisoners in a concentration camp, corpses of dead and burned people, children in a concentration camp, a child's hand with a camp brand.

The old man's face is CU.

On the roads of war are Soviet soldiers, fighting for the liberation of the earth from the Nazis.

In the Belarusian forest is a detachment of partisans.

Exhausted Yugoslav soldiers are walking up the mountain in the snow.

Newsreel 1946:

General view of the courtroom during the trial (from the top point).

International military Tribunal: chief judge from the USSR major General Nikitchenko and his Deputy Lieutenant Colonel Volchkov, chief judge from great Britain Lord Lawrence and his Deputy Birkett, chief judge from the United States Beadle and his Deputy Parker, chief judge from the French Republic de Fabre and his Deputy Falco.

The Chairman is Lord Lawrence.

Prosecution documents.

In the dock: Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess - leader of the fascist party, Joachim von Ribbentrop - Minister of foreign Affairs of Germany, Wilhelm Keitel, Kaltenbrunner - head of the Main Directorate of the security police and SD, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frank - Minister of the interior of Germany, Julius Streicher - editor of the fascist newspaper "Sturmer", Walter Funk, Helmar Schacht, Admiral Doenitz - commander of the fleet, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, saukel, Jodl - Hitler's military adviser, von Pahlen, Arthur seiss-Inquart, albert Speer - Imperial Minister of armaments, Constantin von Neurath - SS General, Hans Fritsche - Goebbels ' assistant in the dock - cu.

Reel №3

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Newsreel 1946:

Defendants in the courtroom-LS.

German lawyers in robes-Ms., CU.

Advocate - Ms., CU.

International Tribunal in the courtroom-LS.

Present in the courtroom-LS., MS.

The chief Prosecutor from the United States, Robert Jackson, speaks (synchronously).

Newsreel of the 30s.:

Stormtroopers on the streets of Berlin, on the street are Hitler, Hess and others.

Hess speaks from the podium.

Night procession of Nazis with torches (from the top point), carry fascist banners, Nazis burn books.

Goebbels speaks, Hitler says, Hitler sits in a chair, stands Palen.

Hindenburg looks out of the window, Schacht speaks to a woman, Krupp speaks from the podium, Hitler in a group of bankers.

Stormtroopers in Berlin.

Concentration camp in pre-war Germany-PNRM.

Newsreel 1946:

Defendants in the courtroom-Ms., CU.

Crowded courtroom on February 8, 1946-LS., MS.

Gorshenin is sitting in the hall.

Wary lawyers.

The defendants are nervous (the Soviet Prosecutor is expected to speak) - CU.

The chief Prosecutor from the USSR R. A. Rudenko speaks (synchronously).

Newsreel of the 30s.:

German boys are playing with children's daggers, young men are walking down the street with shovels, German soldiers are walking.

House layouts are on fire.

There are guns (preparing for war).

Ribbentrop at the plane, signing friendship pacts.

Original of the agreement between Ribbentrop and Hitler on joint espionage work-CU.

A letter from Kaltenbruner to Ribbentrop asking for money for spying in Iraq.

Ribbentrop signs the documents-CU.

Go Hitler's soldiers.

Hitler, Keitel, Jodl at the map.

Map of Europe-CU.

German troops freely pass the borders of European States.

Plan "Trick" - a plan for a treacherous attack on Czechoslovakia, signed by Jodl-CU.

Newsreel 1946:

Yodel in the dock-CU.

Reel №4

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Newsreel 1946:

The main war criminals in the dock.

Newsreel of the 30s.:

Goering over the map.

Picketing a German plane, bombs fall.

Warsaw - LS is on fire. (from the top point).

Newsreel 1946:

Goering in the dock-CU.

Newsreel of the 30s.:

On the roads of Europe are German tanks.

Go Dutch soldiers with a white flag.

Hitler's troops enter Paris.

Newsreel 1946:

At the trial of Hitler's war criminals, the main French Prosecutor speaks.

Criminals Doenitz and Raeder in the dock.

Said the chief British Prosecutor Shawcross.

Newsreel of the 30s.:

German warships: pirates at sea.

A torpedo fired.

A ship breaks in-LS.

The blown-up ship is going down.

German submarine fires at the ship.

The ship explodes and sinks.

A fascist flag is raised on a ship occupied by pirates.

Donitz shakes hands with his submariners.

Newsreel 1946:

Says the chief Prosecutor from the USSR Rudenko (synchronously).

Newsreel, 1941-1945.:

Hitler, Jodl and others over the map.

German troops attack Belarus: houses are burning, German planes are bombing Soviet territory.

Plan for the partition of the USSR, developed by Rosenberg-CU.

Newsreel, 1941-1945.:

Rosenberg in the occupied part of the USSR.

Himmler in a concentration camp for Soviet prisoners in Minsk, examines the ruins of Minsk.

Newsreel of the 30s.:

Central square of Minsk, buildings, streets of the city before the war.

The streets of Kiev (with motion).

Ukrainian youth on the city street.

Newsreel 1946:

The defendant Saukel in the courtroom.

The Prosecutor of the USSR Alexander is the interrogation of the defendant Sauckel (synchronously).

Newsreel, 1941-1945.:

Deportation into slavery of the people of Belarus.

The Germans are taking Russian prisoners.

The train with the captive residents goes to Germany.

Newsreel 1946:

Soviet Prosecutor Sheynan says the Nazis robbed the occupied territory (synchronously).

German trains with looted coal, oil, and grain in the USSR.

Go to Germany.

The Germans are driving cattle to Germany.

Reel №5

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Newsreel 1946:

R. A. Rudenko interrogates the defendant Goering (synchronously).

Goering in the courtroom.

Document on the destruction of Leningrad, signed by Yodel.

English Prosecutor David Max well feiz interrogates the defendant Yodel.

Newsreel, 1941-1945.:

Hitler, Jodl, Keitel and others at the map.

Leningrad during the siege (winter) - LS. (from the top point).

Empty, snow-covered streets, lonely passers-by, the destroyed building of the Hermitage, Peterhof Palace-LS., MS., CU.

Newsreel 1946:

Is the Soviet Prosecutor Roginsky.

Newsreel, 1941-1945.:

Destroyed Stalingrad-LS. (from the plane).

The German Nazis blow up the house in the busy city.

Smiling German General.

Goering speaks from the podium.

The German puts the revolver in his boot-CU.

Dead children lie-CU.

Goering industrial enterprises in Germany-LS., MS.

Newsreel of the 30s.:

Goering inspects his estates.

Newsreel 1946:

At the trial, the Soviet Prosecutor, Colonel Pokrovsky (synchronously).

Newsreel of 1939-1945.:

In the ravine are the corpses of people killed by the Nazis-LS.

Corpses of women and children-CU.

Corpses prepared for burning, firewood.

Newsreel 1946:

R. A. Rudenko in the courtroom interrogates the defendant Keitel (synchronously).

Document on the extermination of people in the occupied territory, signed by Keitel in September 1941.

Newsreel of 1939-1945.:

Pipe over the building of the concentration camp in Maidan.

Stoves for burning corpses.

Passports of people killed in the camp.

PNRM. Majdanek (top point).

Wire to the power supply - PNRM.

There are human bones in the oven.

There are corpses, the hair of dead women.

Bags of human hair intended to be sent to Germany on mattresses.

Forceps, torn out jaws with metal teeth, suitcases with gold items taken from prisoners, bags with gold crowns.

A corpse with its jaw torn out-CU.

Gold bars made from the gold teeth of the dead.

Newsreel 1946:

Frunk and Schacht in the dock-CU.

Rings stripped from the hands of the executed.

Newsreel of 1939-1945.:

Heads of people in a basin and decapitated troupes prepared for making soap in a soap factory in Danzig.

Soap made from human fat.

Newsreel 1946:

Soviet Prosecutor Smirnov shows the court material evidence (soap and other things).

In the courtroom, the stand shows pieces of human skin, tanned for the manufacture of haberdashery.

Criminals Frank, Rosenberg, Frick, Goering, Kaltenbrunner and others in the dock.

Reel №6

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Newsreel 1946:

Trial of major war criminals in Nuremberg.

The American, English, and French prosecutors speak with the prisoners.

Says the Soviet Prosecutor R. A. Rudenko (synchronously).

The court retires for a meeting.

The empty courtroom.

The court returns from the meeting.

Lawrence, Nikitchenko, American, English judges read out the verdict.

Sentenced to death: Goering, Ribbentrop, Keitel, Rosenberg, Kaltenbrunner, Kodl, Frank, Frick, Saukel, Streicher, SEIS-Inquart; sentenced to life imprisonment: Hess, Funk, Raeder.

Sentenced to twenty years in prison: Schirach, Schneer; to 15 years-Neurath; to 10 years-Doenitz.

Acquitted by the court: Schacht, Palen, Frige-CU.

Member of the Tribunal from the USSR Nikitchenko expresses his dissenting opinion on the verdict.

The convicts are led out of the courtroom.

The grate closes.

The walls of the prison - LS., MS.

An act signed by the representatives present at the execution.

Corpses of executed war criminals Keitel, Kaltenbrunner, Jodie.

Frank, Frick, Rosenberg, and Sauna, Streicher, Seys-Inquart, the corpse of the poisoned Goering.

The wall of the prison, from which the ashes of the burned corpses of criminals were scattered.

Children born after the war play in the forest.

German revanchists from Germany are preparing for a new war.

West German soldiers stand with torches.

Fascist signs painted on doors and walls.

Chancellor Adenauer makes a speech.

Strauss Speaking.

An American rocket is being taken to Germany.

Military aircraft of a new design in the air.

Former war criminals Schneidel, Oberlander, and Hoidingger are at large.

Kesselring bypasses the military formation.

The priest blesses Adenauer.

Fascist signs on the sidewalk, on the wall of the house.

Former Nazi soldiers March, preparing for new campaigns.

Newsreel of 1939-1945.:

Prisoners behind the wire of a concentration camp during the war.

Monument to the victims of fascism on the site of a former concentration camp.

Anti-war rally.

The wall of the Nuremberg prison, the sentry walks.

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