Mushrooms - derevorazrushiteli. (1977)

Documentary №52127, 1 part, duration: 0:09:28
Production: Centrnauchfilm (CNF)
Director:Kupershmidt L.


Film for biological universities introduces various types of mushrooms - parasites and highlights the role of fungi in the cycle of matter in nature.

Reel №1

Footage frameFootage frameFootage frameFootage frame

Alternating frames with forest views.

Mushrooms on a fallen tree.

Mushrooms decompose the tree to simple inorganic compounds.

Alternating frames with various fungi parasites.

The wood of a tree destroyed by mushrooms (dust).

Some tinder mushrooms are able to settle on still healthy trees and decompose living wood.

False oak tinder.

The terrible enemy of the forest is the autumn sawdust.

Root sponge.

Parasitic fungi are replaced by saprotrophs.

A shot of the destruction of a birch trunk by a real tinder.

Other mushrooms.

At the final stage of decay, in addition to tinder, other types of fungi also participate.

A fungus that stains wood.

Alternating frames with other fungi parasites.

Morphologically, the fungi that destroy trees are also very different.

The fruit body is prostrate, the prostrate body is bent, sessile, sessile with a rudimentary stump, for example, an annual birch tinder with a tubular heminophore.

The heminophore of the bordered tinder grows in layers every year.

The annual tinder has one layer of heminophore on the infertile part.

Various forms of heminophore.

Filming the formation of spores under a microscope.

Honey mushrooms also spread in the form of black cord-like mycelium.

The fruit bodies are always on the surface of the substrate, and the mycelium is inside.

Mycelium destroys wood.

Samples of destruction.

Mycelium under the microscope.

The destruction of wood begins with the penetration of mycelium into the heart-shaped rays of the tree.

The process of destruction of wood, taken under a microscope.

If the fungus destroys cellulose, brown rot forms.

The wood cracks into layers, then into prisms and is easily rubbed in the hand.

With white rot, lignin is destroyed first of all.

The wood becomes soft and easily breaks down into individual fibers.

A mixed type of rot is found on growing trees.

Mushrooms also destroy wood in buildings.

Filmy house mushroom.

Samples of destruction.

A real house mushroom.

Hymenium, the fruit body of the fungus, mycelium.

Senezh Wood Preservation Laboratory.

Various antiseptics for wood protection are being investigated at the laboratory's landfill.

The test subjects and control samples that have been in the ground for 15 years are shown.

One of the ways to protect wood is panel, used in the Kizhi Museum.

There is another laboratory landfill located there.

Alternating frames with photos of works in Kizhi.

Panorama of the forest.

Key words

Fungi are parasites.
The spread of mushrooms.
Wood protection.

Locations: Republic of Karelia [746] Moscow region [788]


Senezh Wood Protection Laboratory. Kizhi Museum-Reserve.

Our website uses "cookies" to give you the best, most relevant experience. By continuing to browse the site, you agree to our use of cookies. See our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookies Policy.