Crystals (1954)

Documentary №55639, 6 parts, duration: 0:55:24
Production: Centrnauchfilm (CNF)
Director:Yashin D., Sardan A., Chizhova N.
Screenwriters:Pisarzhevskij O., Yashin D.
Camera operators:Koljcatij A., Holjnij G., Ejberg B., Kudryavcev A.
Composers:Eshpaj A.
Anouncers:Visockaya O.


The popular science film about the diversity of crystals, their study and use.

Reel №1

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Samples of natural crystals.

Tien-Shan mountains.


Crystals among the rocks.

Geologists take out crystals.

The crystals are in the hands of scientists.

Types of mountains, where there are deposits of sulfur.

Geologist on the trail.


Geologist down into the cave.

sulfur crystals.

Crystal Group.

The crystals of salt.

Salt Lake.

Branch, covered with salt crystals.

A man collects the water from the lake.

In the bowl of water is lowered the branch.

The formation of salt crystals on the branch (intensive image).

Crystallized salt.

Trolleys in salt caverns.

Extraction of salt.

A man takes a piece of salt.

Salt crystals.

Laboratory divides the crystal into small pieces.

Dissolving the salt in water.

Key words

Scientific research.

Reel №2

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Animation: the movement of salt particles in water, the crystal formation upon evaporation of moisture, a schematic structure of the crystal, the crystal decay.

Samples crystals.

Man takes alum crystals.

crystal processing file.

The crystal was placed in the solution.

Crystal restores shape (intensive image).

Crystals gemstones.

The crystal lattice of pyrite.


Crystal cell.

Portrait E.S.Fedorova.

Examples of gratings. N.V.Belov in office.

Tells N.V.Belov.

Animation: silicates - the bulk of the Earth's crust.

Precious and semi-precious stones.

Crystal salad bowl.

A set of crockery.

Building materials.


Samples of silicates.

Natural graphite crystal.

Drawing lines on paper in pencil.

Next graphite paper.

Next under the microscope.

Animation: graphite structure.


Frosty patterns on the window.

Various shapes of snowflakes.

Hypo sodium in the bath photographer.

In the tub pour water solution formation.

Laboratory experiments were conducted with a drop of solution.

Crystallization hyposulfite under a microscope.

Laboratory sample changes.

Crystallization of hydroquinone under a microscope.

Key words

Scientific research.


Belov NV - Professor of Crystallography and Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Hero of Socialist Labor.

Reel №3

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The sample in the instrument glass is heated over a fire.

The glass is placed under the microscope.

Thymol crystallization during cooling.

Laboratory prepared sample.

Heated glass instrument.

The glass is placed under the microscope and the material is added drop.

Formation of crystals of salol.

Cooling the sample.

Changing the shape of salol crystals.

A drop of the melt under pressure.

The sample is placed under the microscope.

A new form of salol crystallization.

Lab technician examines a sample.

Technologist sugar mill looks at a sample solution.

Workshop of sugar.

Brewed syrup from sugar beet.

Taking a sample of syrup.

Laboratory puts a drop under the microscope.

The growth of sugar crystals under the microscope (intensive image).

Animation: growing crystals.

Sugar factory, the production cycle ending.

Ready sugar on the conveyor.

On the table pour a spoonful of sugar, a number of comparisons to put large sugar crystals.

Rochelle salt.

Preparation of a saturated solution.

Animation: the experience of growing a crystal in unsuitable conditions.

Crystal growth at the factory Rochelle salt crystals.

Technician gets the crystal.

Rochelle salt, and the crystal plate.

Experiments with the plate.

Key words

Scientific research.
The piezo elements.

Reel №4

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Animation: a plate on a stand, a microphone device.

The announcer speaks into the microphone.

Animation: propagation of sound waves, sound vibrations.

Animation: increasing sound vibrations, switching to ultrasound.

Animation: the operation of ultrasonic equipment on the example of a fishing vessel.

The radio room picks up the signal.

The captain gives the command.

Casting nets.

Selecting nets from the water.

Catch on deck.

Crystals of ferrogenital salt.

Tells A.V. Shubnikov.

Molten salt is applied to the metal plate.

Animation: texture of dried salt (enlarged image).

A.V. Shubnikov.

The scientist passes the plates to the assistants.

Experiments with the plate with the comments of the scientist.

Solid artificial crystals.

Natural quartz crystals.

Production of artificial precious stones.

Ready-made ruby crystals.

Watch stones.

Clockwork mechanisms.

Watch models.

Precious stones for jewelry.

Key words

Scientific research.
The piezo elements.


AV Shubnikov - Doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences, crystallography, crystal physics, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Hero of Socialist Labor.

Reel №5

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Ironworks, workflows.

Machinery and equipment.

Tells N.T.Gudtsov.

The crystalline structure of the metal under a magnifying glass.

Academician crystals demonstrates and explains the principles of their formation.

Molds with molten steel.

The cut of the ingot.

A crack in the metal.

Crystallization of ammonium chloride under a microscope.

Heating of metal in well defective oven.

Transfer of the ingot to the rolling mill.

Crimping blanks.

Rolled metal on medium section mill.

The metal strip is cut into pieces.

Tells N.T.Gudtsov.

metal structure under a microscope before and after rolling. N.T.Gudtsov.

Natural crystals.

Iceland spar (calcite).

Tells V.V.Arshinov.

Laboratory extinguishes the light.

V.V.Arshinov conducting experiments and talks about the optical properties of calcite.

Key words

Scientific research.


Gudtsov NT - Metallurgist, professor, academician of the USSR, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR. Arshinov VV - Doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences, professor, inventor, Honored Scientist of the RSFSR, the founder of the first private R & D in Russia Lithogaea institution (now the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute named N.M.Fedorovskogo minerals).

Reel №6

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Tells V.V.Arshinov.

Experiments with polarized light.

Solar flare on the sea surface.

The camera lens cover the film.

Sailor looking through binoculars.

A ship at sea.

Binoculars wear Polaroid attachment.

Counter ship transmits signals.

Works welder.

Using a microscope polaroid film.

A woman looking through a microscope.

Rock plate under a microscope.

Scientific instrumentation establishes glass.

Crystallisation of substances under a microscope.

Natural crystals.

Key words

Scientific research.


Arshinov VV

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