Peasants. (1971)

Documentary №7005, 6 parts, duration: 0:59:30
Production: CSDF (RCSDF)
Director:Galin I.
Screenwriters:Galin I., Nikolaev L.
Camera operators:Buslaev U., Galin I., Shmakov N.
Anouncers:Enyutina V., Konsovskiy A.
Text authors:Nikolaev L.


The film tells about labor and life of Soviet peasants, about today's problems in agriculture.

Temporary description:

Collective farms "Bolshevik", Kirov, Zhdanov and others in the Belgorod region, Krasnodar region, Ukraine, Byelorussia. Mechanized farming: plowing fields, harvesting grain, beet, flax, corn, vegetables and fruits. Processing of vegetables and fruits on the collective auxiliary enterprises. Women caring for vegetable crops in greenhouses farm "Moscow", located near the city of Moscow. New, modern villages farms. Palaces of culture, home life in the townships. Livestock farms, poultry farms. Say (synchronously), the representatives of collective AV Gorshkov, I. Pereverzev, Hwang. Dust storm; effects of dust storms: listed chernozem cultivated fields, killed the crops. Collective farm fields affected by spring flood rivers, talus. Planting belts. Kind of a wheat field, surrounded by plantations. Speech amateur song and dance ensemble of the Kirov collective farm. In the movie sound tracks composer V. Levashov, E. Rodygina, folk songs.

Reel №1

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Wheat field - LS. (Zoom in)

Horseback riding grandfather with his grandson - MS.

Village - LS. (Summer), (the plane)

Girl chases geese on the lawn - LS.

Herd of cows grazing in the meadow - LS.

Flock of birds on telegraph wires, birds take - LS.

Children run through a meadow - LS.

The girl in the grass playing with the kid - MS. (Zoom in)

Spring tide, a flock of birds flying - LS.

Fawn in the grass to his feet - MS.

Autumn landscape of central - LS.

Flying flock of birds - MS.

Summer landscape of the middle band.

Girl runs on a meadow - MS.

Girl runs on a blossoming poppy field - MS.

Monument "Grieving Mother" in place of the village Krasuha Pskov region.

Clouds shrouded the sun - LS.

Newsreel 1941-1945.:

Germans are the burning Soviet countryside.

An armed German soldiers.

Women cry at the site of fire.

Burning bush of a sheaf in the field - LS., PNRM.

Woman embraces and kisses a soldier in a liberated village from invaders.

Women return to the village with the field work - LS.

Sunset over the field and forest - LS.

Persons older village women - CU.

The home sits an old peasant woman, crying.

Photos sons died at the front - CU.

Sunrise in the village - LS. (Summer).

A woman gets out of the well water.

The rooster crows - CU. (Morning)

Peasant woman feeding chickens in the yard.

Summer rural landscape - LS. (Morning)

Girls' faces - CU., PNRM.

The old peasant - CU.

A man washes himself in the yard of the running water - CU.

Forest bird - CU.

A dog looks out of the kennel - CU.

Sparrows peck sunflower - CU.

In the courtyard women cook breakfast in the oven.

In the collective farm board Employee: dismantle the paper said on the phone, typing on a typewriter - CU.

Through the village passing a truck and a horse harnessed to a cart.

The building department "Jubilee" in the central farm collective farm.

Frunze Belgorod region - LS.

Women go to work in the kolkhoz farm.

Young farmers, machine operators before the working day - CU., MS.

Plow tractor - LS.

Tractor driver clears the ground share tractor plow.

Plow - LS. (Fall)

Chairman of the kolkhoz "Bolshevik" Vladimir region A. Pots on arable talking to the driver.

Tractor working on the field.

Hands holding wheat - CU.

Newsreel 1920.:

Farmers plant in the bread by hand.

The first farmers who began working on the common field - LS., PNRM.

Industrial Landscape: Steel Works - LS.

The first tractor in the village, peasants with banners and flags are going through the village, accompanied by a tractor in a field - LS.

Drove tractor with a portrait of Lenin - MS.

Handling hot metal in a factory - MS., CU.

Harvesters to harvest - LS.

Passing train with trucks.

Trucks passing on the road - LS.

Passing train with harvesters - LS.

Car tank with milk on the way - MS.

Powered steelmaker, pouring hot metal - LS., PNRM.

Industrial landscape - LS. (Evening).

Drove tractor - LS.

AV Gorshkov at home with the family.

Son, wife of I. Gorshkov.

Hands of an old woman with a wedding ring - CU.

Organizer farm AV Gorshkov and Chairman talks to the collective farm youth.

Young builders are building a house.

Girls-painters paint house outside.

Young man building a house.

AV Gorshkov building among workers.

"House of Life" in the collective farm village.

Street - LS., PNRM.

Reel №2

Footage frameFootage frameFootage frameFootage frame

Herd of horses racing on pasture in a thunderstorm.

White horse on the meadow - CU.

Horseman galloping across a meadow during a thunderstorm.

Muzzle of a horse - MS.

Animation: lightning in the sky - LS.

Muzzle of horses in the paddock - CU.

A horse with a foal in a stall during a thunderstorm - CU.

Clouds shrouded the sun - LS.

Rural landscape during the storm - LS. (Summer)

Dust storm in Kuban: the wind picks up from the fields of black soil, dust enters the crops in the fields, picks shoots - CU., LS.

The meeting in the office of the First Secretary of the District Committee Novokubansky engineer Meliorator AF Nedilko.

They say the meeting (synchronously).

Andrew Philipovich Nedilko and other dust storm in the affected field.

The field has suffered from the dust storm - LS.

Naked shrub species included dust and black earth.

Houses and farm buildings, destroyed the storm.

Bulldozers clearing roads and settlement of topsoil.

Chernozem loaded into cars for shipment to the affected storm the field.

The meeting in the office of AF Nedilko say the meeting (synchronously).

AF Nedilko, experts, scientists examine the affected field.

AF Nedilko by car passes through the storm affected areas.

Portrait - CU.

Newsreel 1955:

Chairman Kulundinskoye farm Nestor Seliverstovich Shevchenko - CU., PNRM.

PNRM. with birch trees on a monument at the grave of N. Shevchenko with the word "man, decorate their work the land" (Altai Region, Blagoveshchensk district).

Ice drift on the Oka - LS.

Spring floods - LS., PNRM.

Flooding and melt water in the forest - different.

Flooding in the countryside: houses, fields, gardens, sunken spring flood.

Gullies with crumbling edges of the lands of Ukraine - LS.

Collapses soil ravines - different.

Ravine, approached the highway.

Ravine and villages - LS.

Planting seedlings on forest belts in the Krasnodar region.

Planting of shelterbelts in the Belgorod region.

Tree-planting machine plowed strips, women on the go with the car dipped seedlings in the ground - are different.

Clumps of seedlings in a plowed windbreaks - LS., MS., PNRM.

Bulldozers, excavators clearing land lots of boulders in the Estonian SSR. Digger digging grooves to drain land for crops.

Workers laying drainage pipes in the grooves to drain excess water - different.

Stone with an inscription in the Estonian language and drawing in the memory of the people, cleanse the land of boulders and wetlands for crops.

Stone with an inscription and design.

N. Shevchenko monument with the inscription "Man, decorate their work the land."

Apple blossom - MS., PNRM.

Reel №3

Footage frameFootage frameFootage frameFootage frame

Field in the Krasnodar region, separated by zones and combines in the fields - LS.

Fields - LS., PNRM. (The plane).

Ears of ripe wheat in a field - CU., Hitting.

Academician Lukyanenko, who created the high-yielding varieties of wheat in the grain field - CU. (Summer)

Wheat Field with big ears.

PNRM. with blooming sunflowers in the field to a group of people.

A field of blooming sunflowers new variety, bred by Academician VS Pustovoit.

Girl and boy aisles corn stalks with cobs inspect.

Academics VS Pustovoit and MI Khadzhinov on the field.

Harvester removes corn for animal feed - LS., MS.

Harvesting fodder beet harvester.

Passing car with a mass of green silage.

The car throws a lot of green for silage.

Cornfield collective farm.

Zhdanov in Ukraine.

Kolkhoz experts examine corn grown for silage.

A herd of cows on pasture - MS., PNRM. (Summer).

Goby - CU.

Chairman of the collective farm.

Zhdanov Belgorod region AL Kotov examining room where the bulls are for fattening.

Gobies in the stalls - CU.

Mechanized distribution of feed to livestock.

Handling cattle cars for shipment to the meat - LS.

Workers specialized poultry farm "Red October" on the house.

Space for laying hens - MS., PNRM.

Conveyor for the collection and sorting of eggs in the house - MS., PNRM.

Mechanized distribution of feed chickens.

Workers inspect the house chickens.

A large herd of sheep in the pasture - LS.

Shepherds on horseback tour the herd.

Pastoralists at work on a pig farm - CU.

A herd of cows of different breeds - LS.

Livestock complex in Ukraine: Animal Farm, facilities for cattle - LS.

Another animal complex - LS. (Summer).

Farm - LS. (Top point).

Livestock complex in Belarus - LS.

Inside view of calf house - LS., PNRM.

Calf at work at the bird feeders.

Calves drink from the drinkers.

Calf at work at the drinkers.

Inside view of the barn, milking equipment technology and equipment.

Milkmaid elektrodoilnogo following the work unit.

The pipe system unit, the tubes flowing with milk.

Refrigeration plant complex, running machine bottling and packing of milk in bags.

A worker puts the bags in the basket - MS., PNRM.

Pig M. Smirnov said on livestock before the arrival of mechanization in agriculture (synchronously).

Pigsty with mechanized service animals - LS. (Top point).

Sow with piglets in cages: pigs play, suck milk - different.

M. Smirnov home, family photos on the walls.

Zhytomyr farm tractor driver MK Zinevich, hid from the German invaders collective farm inn - CU.

Chairman of Belarusian farm "Peremoga" LA Naumov - CU., PNRM. with orders to face LA Naumova.

Chairman of the Moldovan farm, Ph.D. JF Anisimov at home, talking to collective farmers - MS., CU.

The woman's face - CU.

Hero of Socialist Labor, PA Malinin - CU.

The woman's face - CU.

Women of different professions - CU., MS.

Mature milker Klavkina Farm talks to young milkmaids.

Girls listen - CU.

Reel №4

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Passing horses with carts and bags of hay, a tractor with a load of hay - LS. (Winter).

Winter outdoor paddock for cows on the farm "Bolshevik" Vladimir region.

Chairman of the kolkhoz "Bolshevik" AV Gorshkov talks with milkmaids - MS., CU.

The cabin AV Gorshkov told (synchronously).

Birches crowns against a blue winter sky - PNRM. (The circle).

PNRM. from the crown to the trunks in the snow - CU., PNRM.

Farmers in the forest cut boughs.

Brooms made kolkhoz farm "Bolshevik".

Pickup brooms in the car to send.

In the workshop of the Latvian farm "Adagio" are made handles for shovels - MS., CU.

Chairman of the kolkhoz "Adagio" IV Kukelis is meeting the collective farm.

Countryside - LS. (Sunrise, winter)

Says I. Kukelis (synchronously).

In the back-shop farmers make shovels.

Farm workers "Adagio" is made from wood waste various souvenirs.

Wooden souvenirs: brooches and other products.

AV Gorshkov on the farm "Bolshevik", says I. Kukelis (synchronously).

IV Kukelis in the kolkhoz vegetable greenhouse.

In the collective farm shop men make pictures out of wood.

Picture of a tree - MS., PNRM.

Souvenirs made of ceramic with a national figure in the market.

Customers in the Carpathian national clothing items considered rural craftsmen.

Rack with barrels made of wood with the words "Vologda butter» - CU., PNRM.

Canned fruit, reached by farm factories.

Harvesting cherries on the farm - MS., CU.

Harvesting apples in the collective garden.

Boxes of apples.

Collective farm orchard - LS. (Helicopter)

Loading boxes of fruit in the refrigerator to be sent.

Refrigerator with the words: "Fruit, fruit farms Krasnodar Trust» - CU.

Column refrigerators passes on the road - LS.

Women at work at the cannery - CU.

Banks with pickled cucumbers stock collective cannery.

Kolkhoznaya factory fish meal of green mass, working automatic machines.

Women in the factory pour into bags pellets for livestock and poultry.

Brick manufacturing plant on a collective farm, women at work at the assembly line - MS., CU.

Harvesting cucumbers in the greenhouse vegetable farm near Moscow "Moscow": crates of fresh cucumbers.

Greenhouse space - LS., MS.

Greenhouses farm "Moscow", far-rise apartment buildings - LS. (Winter)

Harvesting of cabbage on a collective farm garden by hand - LS.

Harvesting of oats in the field, working farmers with pitchforks and rakes.

Flax on collective farm: machines removed from flax roots, the other work is done by hand.

Kolkhoznitsa knit bundles of flax - CU.

Hands knit bundle of flax - CU.

Field after harvest - LS.

Cleaned and plowed fields, away passing car - LS.

Reel №5

Footage frameFootage frameFootage frameFootage frame

Evening Landscape - LS., MS. (Summer)

Horses graze in the night on the river bank, a reflection of horses in the river - MS.

Moon - CU.

The boys in the night cook dinner over a campfire, a kettle over the fire - CU.

Sunrise - LS. (Summer)

On the field, working sprinkler-CU.

Sprinkler installation irrigate fields - LS., PNRM.

Cleaning cannabis field - LS., MS.

Kolkhoznaya depot, freight cars in the yard base.

Farm them.

Kirov in Krasnodar (the top point).

Asphalt road through the village.

Bus driven farmers in the work area.

Kolkhoz aviary - LS.

Ducks in the yard and the house on the pond - LS.

Chairman of the collective farm.

Kirov I. Pereverzev rides the kolkhoz farm by car - CU.

Kolkhoz village street, passing bus.

JH Pereverzev talking to farmers, builders in different parts of the economy.

Collective farmers hay stack in the stacks.

JH Pereverzev in the office talking to a party collective amateur song and dance ensemble (synchronously).

Acts amateur ensemble, the girl with the choir singing the song (synchronously).

Farmers, kids, machine listening - Various.

Abandoned hut with a lock on the door.

The deserted house, left the peasants went to live in the city.

The old man takes out a bucket of water from a well, tied with a rope.

Grannies in the empty village.

Wedding in the collective farm village, the musicians play the accordion and trumpet.

The holiday table.

Manor on official buildings, flowerbeds in front of the buildings.

Kolkhoz football teams play in the stadium.

Kolkhoz swimmers train in the pool of the estate.

Children of farmers of different republics relax, play areas, rides.

Interiors of apartments Soviet peasants.

Work in the village barber.

Children in class ballet group in the Palace of Culture.

Reel №6

Footage frameFootage frameFootage frameFootage frame

Ripe wheat ears - CU., MS.

Field of ripe wheat in Krasnodar - LS., PNRM.

On the field, there are machine operators and growers.

Harvesters working in the field.

Combines "ear" and "Field" to harvest - CU., LS.

Combine the work - CU.

Harvesters and harvest - LS. (The plane).

The grain is poured from bunkers combines into trucks.

Girls working on the current.

Machine-wash, pour water from a bucket.

Tractors working in the fields.

The face of an old peasant - CU.

Chairman of the collective farm.

Kirov Krasnodar Region in the field during harvesting wheat.

Hands pour large grains of wheat - CU.

Harvesters working in the field (night).

A column of cars with the new harvest grain on the road.

Girls resting, lying on the grain.

Persons farmers harvest - CU.

Corn field on the farm chairman pass them.

Zhdanov AP Kotov and livestock Kravchenko.

Harvested field - LS., PNRM.

Sunflower field - LS.

Girl runs across the field of blooming poppies - LS., PNRM.

A flock of swans flies and rises into the sky - LS.

Plane flies above the clouds - MS.

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