How it was (2002) 11/27/2002
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AnnotationMilitary conflict on the bank of the Khalkhin-Gol River in 1939.
The original version of the song "Three Tankmen" is played, performed for the first time in the movie "Tractorists", shot on the real events of 1939.
Performed by Nikolai Kryuchkov.
The program was prepared for the 70th anniversary of the events, when in 1932 the Japanese army, occupying Manchuria, and founded the state of Manchgau-Go, moved close to the eastern borders of the USSR.
Panorama of the hills of Manchuria.
The battles of 1939.
The shore of the river Khalkhin-Gol.
The military look through binoculars.
Infantry divisions are engaged in a firefight.
On May 11, the Japanese units of the Quantum Army entered the territory of Mongolia, ousting the frontier troops for Khalkhin-Gol.
Nikolai Ganin talks about the presence of Soviet military units in Mongolia.
On Japan's long-term plans to attack the Soviet Union.
Georgy Pankratiev was in Mongolia since February 1939.
Describes the installation of the first radio antennas for the Mongol army, which had no connection at that time.
According to Pankratiev, Soviet troops entered the battle on May 17.
The reasons for the removal of Nikolai Feklenko from the command of the operation are indicated.
In his place was sent to Georgy Zhukov.
Georgy Zhukov in Mongolia.
The shore of Khalkhin-Gol.
He goes to the Headquarters.
Works on a map.
Anton Yakimenko talks about how he fought aerial battles with Japanese pilots, about the wound he received.
As carried out the first landing in history without the chassis.
Explains why at the beginning of the operation the Soviet aviation suffered heavy losses.
The Kwantung Army on the Khalkhin-Gol river crosses on boats, fords, and transports military equipment to the other side.
They conduct offensive actions.
Soviet troops are pulling tanks to the landing site of the Japanese army.
The guests of the program talk about the difficulties of fighting in the Tsagan area, they do not agree with some experts who accused Georgy Zhukov of orders that caused heavy losses to Soviet troops.
A fragment of a documentary film with an audio recording of Konstantin Simonov (in 1939 he worked as a military correspondent in the battle zone), reading poems dedicated to the events of Khalkhin-Gol.
Video shots: the destroyed military equipment on the battlefields.
Nikolay Ganin talks about the feat of Commissar Mikhail Yuyukin who carried out the first fire ram in the history of the Soviet Air Force.
After giving the order to the team of the damaged car to be catapulted, he sent his burning aircraft towards the enemy forces.
Video chronicle: battles of Soviet troops in the Khalkhin-Gol area.
Soldiers dig trenches.
Read the newspaper "Heroic Red Army" - issue number 67 of August 1939 (large).
For motherland for Stalin!"
Vasily Rubin and Nikolai Kravets talk about the general offensive on August 20 - 31, 1939.
Video chronicle: aircraft of military aviation, tanks, Mongolian mounted cavalry.
Participants in the program talk about the Japanese suicide bombers who first used Molotov cocktails as a separate weapon against tanks.
The Soviet army took retaliatory actions.
Vasily Rudnev describes the appearance of the first analog of the Soviet flamethrower (a hose was attached to the tank, into which gasoline was supplied under pressure and set on fire) The original purpose of which was to "burn" Japanese "suicide bombers" who dug themselves in trenches along the route of Soviet tanks and threw their bottles on passing military vehicles.
The participants of the program express the opinion that the "Khalkhin-Gol lesson", received in 1939, predetermined the decision of the Japanese government to refuse to open Second front, after the attack of his ally Nazi Germany on the Soviet Union in 1941.
Veterans Khalkhin-Gol, agree that the Soviet side has forgotten about their heroes.
Neither in Russia, nor in the former USSR countries, this date is practically not covered.
Video footage: in Mongolia, locals erected a monument to Soviet soldiers who died in the battles of 1939.
PersonnelGanin Nikolay - navigator-bomber in battles at Khalkhin-Gol in 1939, head of the Khalkhing group of the Russian Society of Veterans.
Georgy Pankratyev is a signalman who took part in the first battles at Khalkhin-Gol in 1939.
Yakimenko Anton - a fighter pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union, a participant in the battles at Khalkhin-Gol in 1939.
Kravets Nikolai is an artilleryman, participant of the general offensive of the Soviet troops on Khalkhin-Gol in 1939.
Rudnev Vasily is an artilleryman, participant of the Soviet general offensive of the Soviet troops at Khalkhin-Gol in 1939.