How it was (2000) 01/23/2000
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The atomic bomb: tests on people, 1954.
When one of the biggest man-made disasters occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, at numerous press conferences immediately after the tragedy, Phrase: "This is the largest nuclear catastrophe, which caused the greatest radioactive damage of people.
In the USSR, nothing like this has ever happened. "
But it was a lie.
For 32 years before Chernobyl, secret military exercises with the use of atomic weapons were conducted at the Totsky training ground.
As a result, tens of thousands of people were exposed to direct nuclear irradiation, and most of the documents associated with this event are classified to this day.
The TASS report that on September 14 in the Soviet Union in the area of the village of Totsky, Orenburg region, one of the types of nuclear weapons was tested, Appeared in the newspaper "Pravda" from 17.09.1954. The first deputy minister of defense of the USSR Marshal Georgy Zhukov led the exercises.
The experiment differed from the others in that a bomb exploded during the large-scale military exercises of the South Ural Military District, in which, according to various estimates, between 44 and 60 thousand people participated.
No radiation protection facilities were issued, civilian evacuation was not carried out.
Almost all the participants and witnesses of the exercises received a large dose of radiation and gave a receipt on the non-disclosure of state secrets.
The events of September 14, 1954 are told by the direct participants: the rank-and-file Ivan Kharasakhal and Viktor Aleshin, the private intelligence division Vladimir Benetsianov, The head of the nuclear weapons department of the General Staff Academy in 1954, Sergey Azaryev, the pilot of the Tu-4 plane Konstantin Lyasnikov, the pilot dosimeter Ivan Zhuravlev, the resident of the village Kirsanovka Nikolai Balakin, the commander of the special squad in 1954 Mladen Markovich.
There are footage of chronicles tested at the Totsky training ground and in Nevada (USA), fragments of interviews with residents of the villages of Kirsanovka and Totskoye.
PersonnelZhukov G.K. - Soviet commander, marshal of the Soviet Union, four times Hero of the Soviet Union, Minister of Defense of the USSR (1955-1957). Bulganin N.A. - Soviet statesman, Colonel-General, Minister of Defense of the USSR (1953-1955), Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1955-1958).
Calendar09/14/1954 1950s 12.1999
Orenburg region  USA 
Man-made disasters; Armament; Army