How it was 11/21/2000 (2000)

Telecast №73588, 1 part, duration: 0:35:14
Production: VID
Anchor:Oleg Shklovskij

Reel №1

Footage frameFootage frameFootage frameFootage frame

The defeat of Soviet genetics, 1948.

Since the 1930s, biological science in the USSR has become an arena of violent passions and dramatic events.

The fates of some people were broken, and the careers of others reached unthinkable heights.

The second half of the 40s of Soviet ideology is a growing campaign to combat "sycophancy in front of the West."

In the universities of the country there is a special subject: the history of science.

At the lectures, students are explained that almost all the great discoveries in science were made by Russian scientists.

In the summer of 1948, the government publicly gives the go-ahead for the defeat of genetics.

Discoveries of genetic scientists Augustus Weismann and Thomas Morgan, as well as their followers, including prominent Soviet biologist Nikolai Vavilov, were completely rejected by the Soviet party leadership and some pseudo-scientists.

After the infamous session of VASKhNIL in August 1948, genetics was banned, and the biological science in our country was headed by academician Trofim Lysenko for many years.

As a result, our country was cut off from international science, a lot of charlatan works appeared, the succession of generations was broken, because of First of all, teaching the basics of genetics in primary school, in agricultural and medical universities.

After the rehabilitation of genetics in the early 1960s, there was no one to replace the teachers, since there were simply no scientists left in the country properly trained.

Teachers who grew up in the previous era underwent retraining, but their outlook, laid down in the previous 20-30 years, and sometimes the absence of this Scientific education made the further path extremely difficult for them and for all their students.

The guests of the program talk about the tragic fate of their relatives, who suffered as a result of the 1948 session of the VASNKhIL, about the losses suffered by Soviet science, scientists and their families, about what turned out the prohibition of genetics for the country as a whole.

The conversation involved the doctor of physical and mathematical sciences Yuri Vavilov (son of Academician NI Vavilov), Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Ilya Zakharov, candidate of biological Eduard Zhebrak (son of academician A.R. Zhebrak), professor Olga Stroeva (widow of academician IA Rappoport).

In the preparation of the plot fragments of an interview with the student T. Lysenko, professor Marina Alekseeva were used.

Included compilations of the chronicle of different years: excerpts of the news bulletin "News of the Day" - T. Lysenko at the session of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences in the plot "Michurinsky Science Wins" And on the experimental farm of the Institute of Genetics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR on the state farm "Gorki Leninskie", fragments of subjects devoted to Soviet science in the 1940s.


Lysenko, TD - a Soviet agronomist, biologist, Hero of Socialist Labor, USSR Academy of Sciences, USSR Academy of Sciences, Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Lobanov P.P. - Soviet state and economic figure, Doctor of Economics, Academician of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hero of Socialist Labor. Lyskun E.F. - Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Academician of VASKHNIL, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR. Mosolov V.P. - Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Academician of VASKhNIL. Ushakova E.I. - candidate of agricultural sciences, academician of VASKhNIL. Kolesnik I.D. - candidate of agricultural sciences, academician of VASKhNIL. Michurin I.V. - Doctor of Biology, breeder, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the USSR, Honorary Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Academician of VASKhNIL. Vavilov N.I. - Russian and Soviet scientist-geneticist, botanist, breeder, geographer, public figure, doctor of biological sciences, professor, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR and VASKhNIL. Vavilov Yu.N. - Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Leading Researcher of the Laboratory of Hadron Interactions of the Department of Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics FIAN, Honorary Professor of the Saratov State Agrarian University (SGAU) named after NI Vavilov. Zakharov-Gezehous I.A. - Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Academician of RAS, Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation. Zhebrak E.A. - Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher of the All-Union Institute of Applied Molecular Biology and Genetics, VASKhNIL. Stroeva OG - Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor. Alekseeva M.V. - Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Honored Scientist of the RSFSR.

Calendar: 08.1948 1935 1963

Locations: Moscow [820] Moscow region [788] USSR [863]

Our website uses "cookies" to give you the best, most relevant experience. By continuing to browse the site, you agree to our use of cookies. See our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookies Policy.