How it was 07/04/1998 (1998)

Telecast №73647, 1 part, duration: 0:37:52
Production: VID
Anchor:Shklovskij Oleg


The epidemic of anthrax in Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg) in 1979 - the terrible consequences of leaking biological weapons.

Reel №1

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Video chronicle:

Work in the biological laboratory.

Specialists in protective suits are removed from the vault by a sealed flask.

Place the content in a special device.

Division of the virus under a microscope.

The events of 1979 are being restored.

Alexander Burmistrov tells how in one day, in his brigade three people died at once.

In the houses of the deceased came employees of specialized services, dressed in chemical kits.

The bodies of the victims were covered with chloramine and taken out.

And in the living rooms was sanitized.

Alevtina Nekrasova shows family photos.

Describes how his father was taken to the hospital.

The next day he died.

The family was given a conclusion about the death in which the diagnosis was made - poisoning with an unknown poison.

The morgue was attended by people in specialized clothing that processed the premises.

The Nekrasovs' dwelling also underwent special processing.

By April 10 in Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg) the number of victims has reached twenty.

The official diagnoses were different for everyone.

Vladimir Perlin tells about the first victims of a viral infection.

He speaks about the symptoms of anthrax and its varieties.

Pyotr Burgasov, declares the spread of infection through animal meat.

In the Chkalovsky district of the city there was a military town with a secret institute, engaged in the development of protection against bacteriological weapons.

One of the versions - it became the source of the spread of the virus.

Petr Burgasov denies this version.

Vladimir Perlin talks about the bacteria found in the virus in residential areas, where so-called "washings" were taken - special scrapings for analysis.

It speaks of the spread of this virus through the air.

That explained the death of people working in the shop of Alexander Burmistrove, where the central ventilation of the plant shop was located.

Andrei Mironyuk compiled a map of the direction of the wind and outlined the foot routes of all those infected with the virus.

As it turned out, they were all in the same place at about the same time.

Video chronicle:

The military town of Sverdlovsk-19.


Directions along the fence.

Address plan of the ceramic plant.

City Hospital No. 20 of the city.

After the chemical treatment of the infected streets of the city began, a second wave of deaths broke out.

The inhabitants of the city, not warned, without specialized protection, were infected with a virus that spread throughout the area for several more months.

Lev Fedorov and Sergei Volkov were the first to talk about the tragedy and question the official version of what happened.

They talk about bacteriological weapons, the manufacture of which was engaged in a military town.

Scientists suggest that along with the leakage of anthrax, there was a second pathogen, as in affected areas people began to suffer from musculoskeletal diseases, lesions of lymphatic and vascular systems, and gene mutation.

The military did not admit their guilt.

The official version says that the infection was caused by the meat of the sick cattle.


Burmistrov Alexander - the foreman of the Ceramic Factory. Nekrasova Alevtina - the daughter of the deceased from the infection of Vasily Nekrasov. Perlin Vladimir - Chief Sanitary Doctor of the Chkalovsky District of Sverdlovsk in 1979. Burgas Petr is an academician, chief sanitary doctor of the USSR, a member of the state commission sent to Sverdlovsk in 1979. Mironyuk Andrey - Head of the Special Department of the Ural Military District in 1979. Fedorov Lev - Doctor of Chemical Sciences. Volkov Sergey - candidate of geological and mineralogical sciences.

Calendar: 04/07/1998

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