How it was (2001) 01/30/2001
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AnnotationThe Caribbean crisis of 1962.
Speech by US President John F. Kennedy.
In his address to the nation, he reported the deployment of Soviet military missiles in Cuba.
American plane scout.
The operators at the telephone exchange are the president's line.
Anastas Mikoyan goes to the press, communicates with the leader of Cuba Fidel Castro.
Map of the USSR (Russia signature), surrounded by military bases of bellicose states.
Soviet ships take missiles from Cuba.
In accordance with the secret operation "Anadyr" to the island of Freedom, Soviet submarines were sent to carry nuclear warheads.
Nikolai Shumkov, tells how his submarine, because of technical problems, was forced to surface on the surface of the sea and literally stumbled upon American aircraft.
Video chronicle: Khrushchev at the naval base of the USSR.
Exploration of the terrain from the submarine through the periscope.
Vitaly Agafonov restores the events of 1962.
Describes the development and implementation of the operation, the preservation of strict secrecy.
According to Ryurik Ketov, the team was extremely surprised when the submarine was loaded with nuclear weapons.
Vice Admiral Anatoly Rassokho instructed in what cases it can be applied.
Alexei Dubivko talks about the emergency that occurred on his submarine, when during a severe storm one of the crew members had to undergo an operation for appendicitis.
Crews of submarines collided with a severe exhausting heat, after a cold storm in the Atlantic.
The temperature inside the submarine reached 65 degrees.
Nikolai Shumkov tells how the Soviet submarines managed to pass through the US Coast Guard system called "Caesar".
Vitali Agafonov's submarine was surrounded and fired by the American naval forces.
But the crew managed to get out of the environment, using tactical wit.
Alexei Dubivko tells how, being practically at the end point of his route, he received an order from the center to stop moving forward.
Cuba - the Cuban military, stands Fidel Castro.
The sale of the press is a newsstand.
John Kennedy with his wife.
The submarine passes on the water surface.
The order to abolish the operation of submarines directed to the coast of Cuba was never received.
According to Alexei Dubivko, a US destroyer fired a submarine torpedo which passed the target and a half meters.
These facts were revealed later, when the crew returned to their homeland.
The participants recall the trick of Valentin Savitsky, the commander of the B-59 submarine, who used wit and left the tight circle of the environment in which he was taken by US destroyers.
Upon returning to his native dock, the central staff tried to disown the mistakes made.
The submarine commanders were accused of violating the charter.
They were charged with disobeying orders and reproached that the commanders of Soviet submarines did not use nuclear weapons - they did not give the order to open fire on the US naval forces.
Minister of Defense of the USSR Andrei Grechko until the last moment remained ignorant that diesel, and not nuclear submarines, were sent to the coast of Cuba.
Fidel Castro, who arrived in Severomorsk, demonstrated a submarine that was not in Cuba, but was more modern and powerful.
Fidel Castro in Severomorsk meets with sailors.
PersonnelNikolai Shumkov is a participant in the events of 1962, commander of the diesel submarine B-130.
Agafonov Vitaly - participant of the events of 1962, commander of the 69th brigade of the diesel submarine of the Northern Fleet.
Dubivko Alexey - participant of the events of 1962
Ketov Rurik - participant of the events of 1962, commander of the diesel submarine B-4.