How it was 09/25/1999 (1999)

Telecast №73916, 1 part, duration: 0:36:51
Production: VID
Anchor:Shklovsky Oleg

Annotation:

Mass uprising of political prisoners in Norilleg in 1953.

Reel №1

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The program recreates the events of 1953.

In the 10 camps of the Norillag, a mass uprising of political prisoners began.

Oleg Shklovsky reads a fragment from the historical and artistic work of Alexander Solzhenitsyn "The Gulag Archipelago".

A video chronicle of the 1930s.

Manual labor in industrial enterprises.

A large factory.

The chronicle of repression.

Work on timber fellowship.

Workers with trolleys.

Barbed wire.

Evgen Grytsak talks about the conditions of his stay in the camp.

Indicates the reasons forcing convicts to resort to a strike.

He speaks of provocations from the camp administration - unauthorized executions, physical violence and beatings.

Video of the Gulag:

1930s, repression.

The folder "Case".

Prisoners at work.

Camp guard.

People go to the barracks.

Vera Mishneh tells how, after the machine gun fire, opened in the 5th lag, all the camps in Norilsk, including their 6th branch, went on strike.

Vera Mishneh says that she personally did not support the strike and the next day together with others (only eighty people out of two and a half thousand), sharing her views went to work.

Pobsk Kuznetsov talks about informers on the zone, about the criminals, about the internal regime of the camp, about the course of the strike and the first victims among the convicts.

Andrei Lyubchenko, supported the insurgents.

Describes what life awaited the political prisoners.

Participants recall how the connection between the camps took place, the insurgents informed each other.

The participants of the program tell about the cases of escape from the camps: about their organization, about how the local residents handed over fugitives to the authorities.

Everyone calls his article, for which he was convicted.

Leo Netto tells what methods he was forced to admit to spying for America.

Later, being already imprisoned, he joined a secret organization called the Democratic Party of Russia.

The party's charter and program are in a resin ball in a special cache in the mine "Rudny".

Video chronicle.

Information news in the newspaper about the death of Stalin.

Funeral ceremony.

The queue of people who want to say goodbye to the Soviet leader.

Stalin is large.

The coffin with the leader's body is brought into the Mausoleum.

Expected after Stalin's death, the amnesty extended only to those convicted under criminal and domestic law.

Evgen Gritsak talks about provocations from the administration of the camps, who wanted to demonstrate the importance of their indispensable work and devotion to the cause, in connection with the forthcoming reorganization of the departments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the MGB.

Strike participants refused to come into contact with the local administration of the camps and demanded the arrival of the commission from the center.

All strikers were unarmed and tried not to allow riots.

A commission headed by Colonel Kuznetsov was sent to Norilsk.

Instead of the commission's promised improvement in the situation of prisoners, the search for the most active participants in the mutiny begins and their elimination.

The second stage of the strike begins with a demand to return their comrades.

Eugen Gritsak tells how they distributed leaflets between the camps: prisoners created kites that rose in the air on burning wicks and scattered paper texts.

On July 1, fire was opened on the prisoners of the 5th lagging division.

The protesters of the 4th surrendered to the administration of the camp.

The shootings continued until the fall.

Most of all suffered the 3rd camp - his convicts refused to contact the administration.

Video chronicle:

Train with carriages.

Paper folders with filed papers.

Personnel:

Gritsak Yevgen is a former political prisoner, one of the organizers of the uprising (4th lagging). Net Lion is a former political prisoner. Mishneva Vera is a former political prisoner (6th lagging division). Kuznetsov Pobisk is a former political prisoner (5th lagging division). Lyubchenko Andrey is a former political prisoner (4th lagging division).

Calendar: 1999

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