Telecast
How it was (2001) 10.24.2001

Film-document №74031 1 part, Duration: 0:35:07.415 to collection Price category V2
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Anchorperson: Shklovskiy Oleg

Annotation

Weapons for China: the history of interstate relations between the USSR and the PRC.

Reel №1

Video chronicle:

The Soviet-Chinese border.

1969

Damansky Island.

The Soviet border guard.

The border guards dispersed on the border line, trying to stop the Chinese, who are trying to squeeze through the military's cardboard.

Soviet military armored vehicles.

Shooting from the machine gun.

Identity card of the Soviet border guard, stained with blood.

Mao Zedong on the podium - welcomes participants in the parade in Beijing.

Military parade in the USSR on the Red Square.

Soviet-Chinese talks in the Kremlin.

The Chinese delegation signs the agreement.

Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Sun Ziwen, Wang Shi-Jie.

In the studio, Vasily Ivanov talks about the history of interstate relations and military military assistance provided by the Soviet Union to China.

After the death of Kuomintang leader Sun Yat-sen, civil strife broke out in China.

Against this background, in 1931, Japan takes away part of China from China - Manchuria, where the puppet state of Manchukuo, headed by the last Chinese emperor, Pu, is being created.

Video chronicle:

The Kwantung Army conducts military operations against China, seizes part of the territories.

Japanese military aviation, armored vehicles, infantry.

Killed by the Chinese.

Revolutionary slogans in China.

Chiang Kai-shek speaks to the Chinese army.

After the appeal of Chiang Kai-shek, the Soviet Union decides on assistance.

Joseph Stalin, Mikhail Kalinin, Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Kliment Voroshilov in the Kremlin.

1937: Soviet pilots conduct aerial battles with Japanese aircraft in the sky over China.

Andrei Rovnin - a participant in the fighting in 1937-38.

According to him, the Soviet military had to observe complete confidentiality: all the pilots were under false names.

In 1938, Soviet aviation won complete supremacy in the sky.

Photo of a memorial complex erected by Soviet pilots in Wuhan.

Sergei Fyodorov talks about the events of the late 30-ies of the last century.

He arrived in China as part of a detachment of airmen-bombers.

Describes the death of the commander of Grigory Kulishenko's detachment, about the general losses of the military.

Photo of the monument erected in memory of the Soviet pilot in Wanxiang.

Soviet military assistance to China officially ceased in 1941, but the Soviet military took an active part in training the Sino-Korean partisan detachment formed to fight the invaders.

Vasily Ivanov tells what caused the transition of the Chinese-Korean detachment to the Red Army.

The Korean battalion was commanded by Kim Il Sung, the future leader of the DPRK (North Korea).

Vasily Ivanov shares his impressions of communicating with Kim Il Sung.

Joint photo of the Korean military brigade.

Kim Il Sung among his comrades-in-arms.

All are dressed in a Soviet military uniform.

According to Vasiliy Ivanov, this brigade, despite being prepared, was not allowed to fight.

Video chronicle:

August 9, 1945 - the beginning of the military operation in Japan.

Soviet troops are fighting with the Quantum army.

Liberation of Manchuria.

The Japanese troops surrender.

Solemn march of the Red Army.

Vasily Ivanov gives details of conducting battles with the Japanese army, speaks about fighters-condemned men.

Grigory Kalachev - participant in the fighting of the Trans-Baikal Front, talks about the tactical cunnings undertaken by the Red Army, which caught the Japanese command unawares.

He shares his memories when, after the liberation of Port Arthur, he, along with other soldiers, walked to the places of battle prowess of his ancestors.

Alexander Zhelvakov on his escort of Pu I to the Soviet Union.

Describes the retinue accompanying the last Chinese emperor and the value of his luggage - clogged with precious items.

After the liberation of China, the country began a civil confrontation between the two forces: the Communist Party (leader Mao Zedong) and the Kuomintang (leader Chiang Kai-shek).

The Soviet Union, supporting the Mao regime, continued to provide military, technical and financial assistance.

In 1950, when the Kuomintang military detachments took refuge on the island of Taiwan, Soviet soldiers were again sent to China.

Ivan Yurkevich, led by the squadron of pilots "Mig-15" took part in the actions against the Kuomintang regime.

According to Vasily Ivanov, friendship with China to our country was worth the loss of life of at least 13 thousand Soviet soldiers.

Monuments to Soviet soldiers are 46 cities in China.

Personnel

Ivanov Vasily - combatant, deputy chairman of the Society of Russian-Chinese friendship. Yurkevich Ivan - Soviet pilot, a participant in the fighting in China in the 50's. Alexander Zhelvakov - head of the protection of the captured Emperor Pu I in 1945. Fedorov Sergei - Soviet pilot, a participant in the war in China in 1937-1940. Kalachev Grigory - a participant in the war in China in 1945.

Calendar

10.21.2001