Union of the Earth Masters.. (1990)

Film-document №9875 2 parts, Duration: 0:20:10 to collection Price category A

Part 1 digitized in HD 0:09:56

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Producer CSDF (RCSDF)
With the participation of

Director: Kopalin V.

Script writers: Kopalin V.

Operators: Golubev U., Lomtev A.


On June 11, 1990 the Constitutive Congress of the USSR Peasant Union took place in the Cinema and Concert Hall “Rossiya” [“Russia”] with the participation of chairmen of collective farms and agriculture workers. The film tells about the history of establishing collective farms and their present state of affairs.

Historical background

June 11, 1990 in kinokontsernom hall "Russia" gathered founding congress of the Peasant Union of the Soviet Union with the participation of the Chairmanship giver collective and state farms, agricultural workers.


Sectors of the economy

Temporary description

A film about the creation of the Peasant Union of the USSR. Moscow. The founding congress of the Peasant Union of the USSR in the Concert hall of Russia June 11, 1990. Speakers: I. Kuhar, EK Ligachev NN Glovatsky and other speakers (synchronously). Present: Mikhail Gorbachev, Anatoly Lukyanov, ES Stroyev, VA Starodubtsev and others. Election of the President of the Peasant Union of the USSR. Landscapes and villages. Abandoned villages. Farm "Buholovsky." Director farm V. Anikin gives interviews (synchronously). Harvesting potatoes. Shop. House of Culture. Farm AF Kochetkov Moscow region. Harvesting grain. Interview AF Kochetkov (synchronously). Personnel news on the history and development of agriculture in the USSR.

Reel №1

Russian landscapes: lake, fields, small woods etc.

Sunflowers in the field.

Field of wheat.

Village with poor houses.

Yard, gate is opening.

Old village house.

Fragment from the film. “Oktyabr” [“October”].

The salvo of the cruiser “Avrora” [“Aurora”], people are passing by, holding banners with the text: “All Power to the Soviets [Councils]!”.

The newspaper “Izvestiya” (“News”) with the Decrees on Peace and Land.

The picture “Khodoki u Lenina” [“Peasant Representatives at Lenin’s”].


A peasant meeting in the Chapaevsky District of the Sredne-Volzhskaya Region [Middle-Volga Region].

An old peasant.

Process of dispossession: cattle is being taken from rich peasants.

A rich peasant’s house is being occupied by the collective farm administration.

A man is nailing a wooden screen with the text “Collective Farm Named After XVI Communist Party Congress”.

Individual farmers applying for collective farms.

The collective farm meeting in honor of receiving the State Act on Permanent Land Use.

Best workers are sitting.

Worker-member of the so-called “Movement of 25 thousands” (Communist Party activists sent to villages to render assistance in establishing collective farms) is making a speech at the tribune.

Musicians are playing; farmers are dancing in the street.

Work at the collective farm field.

Wheat is being poured into the sack.

Farmer woman smiling.

Agricultural machines are going.

Harvesting of linen.

Cotton growers at work.

A brass band is playing.

Newsreel of the 1930-s.

A festival demonstration (1 of May [Socialist and labor movement celebrations conducted on May 1]) in the Red Square .

People with banners are passing by.

M.I.Kalinin is awarding the best farm workers, female collective farmers are applauding.

The Kremlin.

Newsreel of the 1960-s.

A Congress Hall.

Nikita Khrushchev is making a speech.

A field of corn.

Nikita Khrushchev with collective farmers on the field; in the car.

A female collective farmer is smiling.

Nikita Khrushchev is driving a car.

A vegetable field in the village.

A wooden house, log in the yard.

An old lady near the house.

A potato field in the collective farm “Bukholovsky” in the Shahovsky District of the Moscow Region.

Food procurement: tractors are collecting hay for silage.

The director of the state farm V.M.Anikin is giving an interview in the street.

Premises of the new grain cleaning point.

The old granary repository.

Representatives of collective and state farms in Moscow near the Cinema and Concert Hall “Rossiya”.

The Chairman of the All-Union Council of Collective Farmers I.I.Kukhar is making a report on the part of the Steering Committee of the Constitutive Congress of the Peasant Union.

Listeners in the hall.

Orators are making speeches.

The audience is applauding.

Mikhail Gorbachev and N.I.Ryzhkov are sitting in the Presidium.

The delegate Danilenko from the Kiev Region is making a speech.

The Presidium of the Congress.

Reel №2

The Presidium of the Congress.

The Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) E.K.Ligachev.

Listeners in the hall.

The delegate from Byelorussia Untsevich is making a speech at the microphone in the hall.

The chairman of the collective farm “Sovetskaya Belorussia” (“Soviet Byelorussia”) V.L.Bedulya and other delegates of the Congress are talking in the foyer.

The Moscow Region, Solnechnogorsky District: the field belonging to the farmer of the Soviet-Sweden enterprise A.S.Kochetkov.

A.S.Kochetkov is giving an interview, standing next to the tractor.

Bread harvesting.

A.S.Kochetkov’s son Igor is driving a harvester.

A.S.Kochetkov is driving a harvester.

His other son is driving a truck.

Grain is pouring from the harvester to the truck.

Kochetkov’s grandsons (3 boys) on the field.

The harvesting machine driver is smiling.

A Moscow Region landscape: fields and meadows.

The village of Leninskiye Gorki: the collective farm “imeni Vladimira Ilyicha” [“named after Lenin”].


A calf.

Cows in the pound.

The chairman of the collective farm I.M.Zaksenberg is giving an interview near the cowshed

(the Director of the Central Documentary Studio V.I.Kopalin is interviewing him).

Delegates in the hall of the Peasant Congress.

The chairman of the agro-farm “40 let Oktyabrya” [“The 40th Anniversary of the October Revolution”] Nikolai Nikitovich Golovatsky is making a speech.

Delegates are making speeches at the tribune and at the microphones.

The elections of the Chairman of the Peasant Union: delegates are voting.

The Chairman of the USSR Peasant Union Vasiliy Starodubtsev is making a speech.

He is being congratulated with the election.

Sprouts on the field of wheat.

Fields, a village, a pond.