Smart devices by Viktor Kuznetsov (2009)

Documentary №100620, 1 part, duration: 0:23:26
Production: Studio Roscosmos


The film is dedicated to the chief designer of gyroscopic technology Viktor Ivanovich Kuznetsov and his associates.

Reel №1

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The rocket industry of the USSR began with a government decree labeled "Top secret" dated May 13, 1946. The work on the creation of missile weapons has become the most important state task.

Sergey Korolev's Research Institute-88 was engaged in the development of rockets, Nikolai Pilyugin's Research Institute-885 control systems, and Research Institute-10 gyroscopic devices under the leadership of Viktor Kuznetsov.

The first domestic R-1 missiles became a copy of the V-2. The task of reproducing German equipment without changes was not always feasible due to the lack of necessary materials, nevertheless, gyro devices were developed and manufactured on time.

The next development of the Kuznetsovsky Design Bureau was devices for the R-2 and R-5 missiles (the world's first missiles with nuclear warheads), then there was the R-7, the legendary "Seven", and with the R-16 a new stage in the development of rocket technology began: the transition to fully autonomous inertial control systems, without radio correction.

The creators of gyroscopic technology have made a huge contribution to the country's nuclear missile shield.

New rockets were designed every 3-4 years, and there was a stubborn struggle for accuracy.

To work at such a pace, not only knowledge and experience were needed, but also strong nerves.

Viktor Ivanovich and his associates fulfilled all the requirements for accuracy and reliability.

Being engaged in military equipment, Sergey Korolev began to work on the implementation of the most fantastic ideas.

After successful expeditions of American cosmonauts with a landing on the Moon, a program of research of the Earth's natural satellite using automatic stations was announced in the USSR. The question arose: who will create the control system for the spacecraft?

So Kuznetsov began to work not only for combat missiles, but also for peaceful space.

Time has judged: despite the fact that new types of so-called dynamically adjustable gyroscopes have appeared, the previous ones are still on some rockets and spacecraft, they already have a double, triple resource.

Today, gyroscopes created by the V.I. Kuznetsov Research Institute of Applied Mechanics work on modern Express, Yamal, GLONASS and other spacecraft.

The film starred Boris Chertok, Ilari Sapozhnikov, Alexander Fadeev, Boris Balmont, as well as employees of the Research Institute of PM named after Academician V.I. Kuznetsov: director Valery Krekhtunov, head of the design department Viktor Veselov, chief researcher Nikolai Dukhanin, assistant director Yuri Unknown, deputy head of the department Leonid Novikov.


Kuznetsov V.I. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, twice Hero of Socialist Labor. S.P. Korolev is a Soviet scientist, design engineer, general designer of the rocket and space industry of the USSR, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, twice Hero of Socialist Labor. Pilyugin N.A. - Soviet scientist-designer of rocket and space technology, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, twice Hero of Socialist Labor. B.E. Chertok is a Soviet design scientist, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Hero of Socialist Labor. Sapozhnikov I.N. -- Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Chief Designer of the V.I. Kuznetsov Research Institute of PM. Fadeev A.S. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, General Director of FSUE Center for the Operation of Ground-based Space Infrastructure Facilities (CENKI, 1999-2013). Balmont B.V. - Soviet statesman, Minister of Machine Tool and Tool Industry of the USSR (1981-1986), Hero of Socialist Labor, veteran of the Second World War. Bykovsky V.F. - pilot-cosmonaut, twice Hero of the Soviet Union. Khrushchev N.S. - Soviet statesman and politician, Hero of the Soviet Union, Hero of Socialist Labor three times, 1st Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU (1953-1964), Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1958-1964).

Calendar: 1940s 1950s 1960s 15.11.1988

Locations: Kazakhstan [114]

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