The origins of life (1971)

Documentary №35787, 5 parts, duration: 0:49:07
Production: Centrnauchfilm (CNF)
Director:Karostin N.

Reel №1

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The film is dedicated to this major mystery of life - the energy of the sun.

It explains how to light, heat, radiant power of the sun is converted into a living dead, creating the most amazing and bizarre creatures, plants, shapes - all organic nature in its rare diversity.

Key words

the sun.
green plants.

Calendar: 1971

Reel №2

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Panorama of the coniferous forest.

Horses are running around the racetrack.

Competitions of kayakers.

Female employees work at the enterprise.

Design bureau.

People eat in a restaurant.

Vegetables on the table.

The rays of the sun sparkle through the branches of the trees.

Portrait of Kliment Arkadyevich Timiryazev.

The book written by K.A.Timiryazev "The sun, life and chlorophyll".


Rays of different colors are merged in the sunlight.

The leaf of the plant with the help of chlorophyll selects the colors it needs.

Green leaves of different plants.

The device of the plant leaf.

The lower part of the leaf with holes are the stomata that suck carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Water with nutrients is supplied through tubular vessels.

Movement in the protoplasm of the chloroplast sheet.

Chloroplast under an electron microscope.

Disc-shaped corpuscles containing chlorophyll.

An image of a chlorophyll molecule.

The process of photosynthesis.

The chlorophyll molecule, having received a photon of sunlight, starts the process of photosynthesis.

As a result of photosynthesis, oxygen is released from the water molecule and enters the atmosphere.

The remaining components become organic matter.

Organic substances nourish all plant organs.

Solar energy converted into chemical energy accumulates in all parts of the plant.

The sun shines through the foliage of the trees.

A bear is walking through the forest.

Chipmunks gnaw cones.

Cows graze in the field.

Key words

carbon dioxide.
solar energy.


Temiryazev Kliment Arkadjevich - russkij botanik i fiziolog.

Calendar: 1971

Reel №3

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The flowers on the trees open.

Flowering plants.


Other flowers.

Bees on flowers.

The scheme of fertilization of plants.

When pollen gets on the pistil of a female plant, the pollen germinates, the shell stretches out and turns into a tube.

Two sperm cells are moving through the tube.

The tube penetrated into the lower part of the pistil - the ovary.

The sperm merged in pairs with the female cells of the plant.

By cell division, the embryo appears and nutrition for it.

The ovary turns into a fruit.

Ears of wheat.

Cones on a tree.

The bird feeds the chicks.

Poplar fluff flies with seeds.

Dandelion spreads seeds using umbrellas.

Dandelion seeds fly through the air.

Maple seeds are flying.

Maple seeds reach the ground and expect favorable conditions for germination.

A coconut washed ashore.

A person extracts a coconut - the seed of a coconut palm.

Coconut palms.


Prickly pear leaves turned into thorns.

Photosynthesis is carried out by the stem.

The desert plant is a camel thorn.

The plant has preserved leaves, but the root reaches a length of 30 meters.

In favorable conditions, plants reach gigantic sizes.

Key words

fertilization of plants.
cell division.
survival of plants.

Calendar: 1971

Reel №4

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Trees in the forest.

A caterpillar climbs a tree.

The caterpillar eats the leaves on the tree.

Various beetles are plant pests.

Locusts eat plants.

Aphids on the plant.

A pest-infested tree.

Most recently, infected trees were burned.

The helicopter sprays chemical plant protection products.

The survivors of chemical treatment are pests.

Stronger chemical treatment of plants.

Laboratory for the creation of new pest control drugs.

Scientists are developing biological means of pest control.

Spider mite, a pest for cucumbers.

Phytoseulus destroys the spider mite.

The golden-eyed insect eats pest eggs.

Trichogram wasps lay their eggs in barn moth eggs.

The barn moth lays eggs, from which grain-eating caterpillars hatch.

Wasps lay their eggs in these eggs.

From the eggs of the barn moth, trichogram wasps hatch.

Production of os trichograms for the needs of agriculture.

Trichogram wasps destroy the eggs of many pests.

A field with ripening wheat.

Trees in the forest.

Pests of coniferous trees.

Ants destroy pests in the forest.

One ant is fighting a caterpillar much bigger than itself.

Ants are fighting with a beetle.

An anthill in the forest.

Key words

plant pests.
chemical means of protection.
biological means of protection.
barn moth.
spider mite.
golden eyes.
wasps are trichograms.

Calendar: 1971

Reel №5

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Trees in the forest.


Factory chimneys are smoking.

The sky is in the clouds.

The plane flies polluting the air.

Cars are driving around the city.

Crowds of people on the street.

Newborn babies.

The nurse carries the born children.

Smoke entering the atmosphere.

Foundry production.

Industrial landscape.

Panorama of the big city.

Alternating frames with views of the metropolis.

An article in the newspaper about vending machines with clean air.

Comparison of life in the metropolis with the experience of Joseph Priestley.

The emergence of the greenhouse effect as a threat to humanity.

Melting of polar ice with an increase in the average temperature on Earth by several degrees.

Sea surf.

Panorama of Leningrad and other cities of the world that may be flooded when the polar ice melts.

Negotiations of statesmen on environmental protection.

Birch grove.

Cut down a tree - plant a tree.

Planting trees.

Watering of tree seedlings.

Work in the desert to restore its fertility.

Canals built in the desert.

Flowering trees.

An expedition to collect unknown plants.

Scientists pack plant samples.

Wild sunflower.

A field with cultivated sunflowers.

The scientist breeder V.S. Pustovoit brought out more productive varieties of sunflower.

A field with wheat.

Academician P.P. Lukyanenko brought out new more productive varieties of wheat.

Combines harvest wheat.

A grain of wheat.

Professor N.V. Tsitsin.


Perennial wild grass wheatgrass.

Perennial wheat.

Bread baked from perennial wheat.

Breeders work in the garden.

Scientist B.S. Mashkov inspects tomato plantings in his laboratory.

Plants are isolated from the external environment.

They are illuminated by lamps immersed in water to reduce heating.

Due to the controlled mode and more generous lighting, plants give an increase in yield.

A laboratory assistant harvests radishes.

Harvest tomatoes.

Scientists have developed an automatic life support system.

A system of special sensors registers the need for changes in watering and lighting of plants.

Devices in laboratories.

Field for breeding work.

Natural landscape.



Key words

air pollution.
Overpopulation of the Earth.
ecology of the city.
greenhouse effect.
breeding works.
new plants.

Calendar: 1971

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