The film contains a summary of the main milestones in the development of astronomy, the idea of the evolutionary development of the Universe, of the inseparable connection discoveries in astronomy with the formation of the materialist worldview.
Mountain landscapes, rushing clouds.
The sun moves in the sky.
Reflections of the sun on the water.
Candles are lit.
Director of the Moscow planetarium Parczewski K. A. tells the story of astronomical structures, shows photographs of Stonehenge.
Pictures and types of Stonehenge, ancient Mayan Observatory, behind the scenes is the story of their astronomical purpose (synchronously).
Fragments and statues from the Mayan Observatory.
Parczewski pulls a book off the shelf.
The view of the starry sky.
View of the hall of the planetarium.
Ancient drawings, illustrating the views of the people of the place of the Earth in the universe.
Panorama of ancient Greek ruins.
Parczewski says about Plato's views on astronomy and the movement of the planets (synchronously), the bust of Plato.
The expansion of the transparent sphere (animation), exposition of the views of Aristotle on the position of the Earth in the universe.
Illustration of the views of Aristotle, the scheme of the universe according to Aristotle.
The theory of motion of planets according to the scheme of Claudius Ptolemy.
The scheme of planetary motion by Ptolemy, the trajectories of their movement (animation).
The place of the Earth in the system of Aristotle-Ptolemy.
Running across the sky.
Growing and fading flower (fast mode).
Ancient Greek ruins.
The types of medieval Christian churches.
Stained glass window on the biblical story in the window of one of the temples.
Interior view of the temple, the drawings illustrating the medieval view of the world.
Portrait of Copernicus next to the rising sun.
Busts of the ancient philosophers.
Astronomical instruments of the Renaissance, candles.
Map of the Great geographical discoveries with routes journeys of Columbus, Magellan and Vasco da Gama, the fragments of a map with illustrations.
Pages of old manuscripts.
A rotating gyroscope.
Demonstration of the experience of the fall of bodies, refuting the opinion of Aristotle.
Porawski at the portrait of Galileo.
Locations: Moscow 
Portrait of Copernicus.
Portsevsky talks about the theory of Copernicus, about the concept of relativity of motion (synchronously) introduced by him.
Portrait of Copernicus, moving relative to the room.
Demonstration of the Copernican theory of motion (animation).
A diagram of the universe with the sun inside, the order of the planets according to the Copernican theory (animation), a hand turns the pages of a book.
View of the Copernicus monument.
Portrait of Giordano Bruno.
Types of Catholic churches and monasteries.
Interior views of the cathedral, behind the scenes sounds a story about the theory and fate of Giordano Bruno, a portrait of Bruno.
Drawing of the dome of the cathedral from the inside.
Panorama of hilly terrain, the sun is shining, clouds are running across the sky.
Portrait and monument of Giordano Bruno.
The combination of magnifying glasses over the text of the book.
Texts of ancient scientific handwritten treatises.
Portsevsky talks about the telescope created by Galileo, about his book "Star Messenger", dedicated to astronomical observations (synchronously).
A telescope pointed at the sky.
Images of planets (animation).
Portsevsky leafs through the book of Galileo, the movement of satellites around Jupiter, discovered by Galileo (animation).
External and internal views of the Catholic cathedral.
Portrait of Galileo, a diagram of the movement of the planets in Galilee (animation).
Images of planetary surfaces.
Craters of the Moon, bearing the names of Galileo and Kepler.
Portrait of I. Kepler.
Portsevsky talks about Kepler's theory of the motion of celestial bodies (synchronously).
Diagram of the movement of planets according to Kepler's laws (animation).
Portrait of Isaac Newton, apples falling from the branches.
The formula derived by Newton.
The apple at the bust of Newton.
Panorama of the observatory.
Open the curtains of the telescope dome.
The telescope turns to the sky, the processes occurring on the sun, images of the starry sky and other galaxies.
Launch of the spacecraft.
Newsreel of 1965: cosmonaut Leonov A. A. in outer space.
Craters on the surface of the Moon, named after Newton, Kepler, Galileo, Bruno, Copernicus.
Locations: Moscow