The birth movie. (1946)

Film-document №67980 4 parts, Black-white to collection Price category G

Not Digitized

Availability of videosources

Needs clarification of possibility of digitizing in HD.

Director: Rozhe Leenhardt /Roger Leenhardt/

Operators: Pjer Levan

Reel №1


A clear explanation of the principle of cinema.

Horse rider jumps, the operator captures it on film.

The operator opens the camera, shows the movement of the film in the camera.

Editing room, montazhnitsa looks at the table film.

Film is wound on a bobbin.

The projection apparatus provides an image on the screen.

In the hall sat the audience, watching the footage from the rider


The first attempts of revival of the figure.

Games scene: a noble family watching a moving image of the rider in the magic lantern.

Children's toy, dubbed thaumatropes /1825/.

On two sides of a cardboard disk painted two different items.

If you rotate the disk at a high speed about its diameter as axis, merging perceptions of the two figures produces a third, for example, the rider on the horse.

The boy turns thaumatrope


Portrait of Joseph Plateau and the principle of the "optical compensation" /save the retina of a now-vanished object/.

A device for recovery of a drawing based on this principle: phenakistiscope.

The apparatus consists of a cardboard disk, with slotted holes in it.

On one side of the drawn shape.

When the disk is rotated around the axis in front of the mirror, the figures considered in the mirror through the holes of the disk do not seem to be spinning together with the disk, and seem to be completely independent and make their inherent movement.

The girl spins the disc and looks through the mirror the horse's movement.

Showcase of interior on the street, the man offers to passers-by to look at the miracle machine totron

Key words

France, cinemas, household appliances France, movies, family, children, toys France, cinemas, equipment, household, children, people

Reel №2


Emile Reynaud, a brilliant inventor and self-taught, created a system of projection of moving pictures, taking for its basis phenakistiscope.

Games scene: Raynaud's in the room draws the blueprints of the new device, which he called the praxinoscope..

He uses the same tape with the pictures and the rotating drum.

But the little Windows in the drum is replaced by a mirror prism placed in the center of the apparatus.

In October 1888 the new device was used for the presentation.

Reynaud called his apparatus an optical theatre.

Reynaud at the device /staging/, the movie "the Clown and his dog", "Amazon".

Demonstration sessions in the Museum Greven.

Billboard in front of the Museum, where the harlequin and Columbine dance the Sarabande.

The hall, the audience.

Opens the curtain in the hands of men program.

Raynaud puts the tape in the apparatus, the pianist sits at the piano.

Opens the screen, the audience watching the pantomime "Around the cabin".

The scene on the beach.

The Banks Of The Seine.

Raynaud's walks by the river /staging/

Key words

France, movies, personalities, photo, Museum, population, inventions

Reel №3


Jules Marais, scientist, sculpture, bust Niepce, portrait of Daumier.

These inventors first replaced the drawings with photos.

Scene: two people at the river shoot photographic camera.

Photo Studio.

The restatement of the principle of recovery of the painting "Lady sewing by a needle".

She is asked to freeze in that moment, when the hand approached the work, taking pictures, then she slightly changed position, stuck the needle into the fabric, and so on.

Therefore, the received series of sequential poses, projecting that it was possible to reproduce the movement.

The transfer of more sophisticated machines and their creators: the Cathedral of the Dubosquet /1851/, and Clode /1852/ etc


The Monument To The Marais Jules, 1830-1904. He was a doctor in a Paris hospital, and his attention was drawn to the instrument, which could capture the pulse of the patient on the cylinder.

Studies of blood flow gradually brought Marais to the study of animal movements.

In 1867 he records the rhythm of the steps of the horse, placing under the hooves of a rubber pear


Studies of Mare in the field of analysis and graphic recording of movements has helped other scientists to advance further.

Portrait Of Edward Meybridzha.

Photographic battery Meybridzha for shooting galloping horses.

Photos Meybridzha at the Museum movie.

The movement of the bird.

Photographic rifle Marais, he shoots birds on the nature /staging/.

Playback experiment Meybridzha on the farm in Palo Alto.

Shooting horses on a treadmill, across which the rope stretched.

The horse breaks them at certain points in its run.

The gap the rope causes the shutter of one of the devices.

Therefore, the horse relieves itself and the result is a series of images of the animal in motion.

Chronophotography Marais.

Shooting flying birds, running athlete.

A woman takes a man on an old bike

Key words

France, movie, photo, Studio, women, invention, inventors France, monuments, personnel, scientists, medicine, research, science France, film, research, scientists, personalities, movies, photos, animals, Pets, birds, farm

Reel №4


The book of the Marais, the pages of a book about analysis.

Photos of Edison, the invention of the of peep show.

Photographer Edison who needs to record and play back simultaneously a sound and a movement.

Girl listening to music from the phonograph /staging/.

The invention of the obturator.

The replacement of photographic plates perforated celluloid film.

Viewing kineskop Edison scenes: "Athlete", "Dance of Indians", the girl shoots a gun at a target.

Box for two cats


The invention of the Lumiere brothers.

Connecting camera with a projection system.

The invention of the intermittent mechanism.

March 22, 1995 in Paris, was shown the film Lumiere "workers exiting the Lumiere factory".

Two sessions took place in Lyon in the hall of the Palace of the exchange, the poster.

The film "child's lunchbox".

The first paid public session of the cinematograph lumière was given in Paris in a cellar of "Gran of cafe" on the Boulevard des Capucines on 28 December 1895.

Cafes, at the tables people sit down the screen.

The mechanic turns the handle of the apparatus, the film "arrival of a train".

Modern survey, galloping cavalry.


Showing various devices associated with the history of the development of cinema /retry/

Key words

France, cinema, literature, invention, inventors, personalities, photo, animals France, film, invention, inventors, personalities, restaurant