How it was (2000) 05/05/2000

Film-document №73451 1 part, Duration: 0:37:00 to collection Price category V2
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Part 1 0:37:01

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Needs clarification of possibility of digitizing in HD.

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Producer VID

Anchorperson: Oleg Shklovskij

Reel №1

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Newsreel December 1979: the entry of Soviet troops into Afghanistan.

Soviet Afghan soldiers in one of their villages.

Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Boris Bolotovsky speaks about the negative reaction of Soviet physicists to the proposal to exclude Sakharov A.D. From the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, about Sakharov's scientific work in Gorky, his impressions of his meeting with Sakharov in exile, about Sakharov's support by his colleagues On the institute, the refusal of Soviet physicists to sign a letter condemning Sakharov, about Sakharov's character.

Head of the archive A.D. Sakharova Bella Koval explains the reasons for the absence of the protest of human rights defenders against Sakharov's expulsion, the trip to Gorky and the meeting with Sakharov and Bonner in 1981, and subsequent questioning by her KGB officers.

Sakharov's widow Elena Bonner talks about Sakharov's reaction to the expulsion to Gorky, the KGB's surveillance in Gorky, the psychological methods of KGB's exposure to Sakharov, and the causes of Sakharov's hunger strikes.

Daughter of Sakharov's friend Maryna Gavrilova remembers Sakharov as a man, his impressions of Sakharov, the friendship of her parents with Sakharov, Sakharov's support for her father during hunger strikes, and the desecration of her father's grave by KGB officers.

Video chronicle: Sakharov and Bonner during his stay in Gorky in the early 1980s.

Former schoolboy Andrei Smirnov recalls the detention of his KGB officers after meetings with Sakharov in 1980.

The attending physician Sakharov Evdokimova talks about his condition and the course of treatment in 1984.

Sakharov during the procedures and the next medical examination (behind the scenes the text of Sakharov's letter to the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences about the ill-treatment of medical staff during his stay in the hospital and forced feeding sounds synchronously).

Speeches of employees of the hospital.

Semashko in Gorky during the general meeting in 1990, in defense of the chief doctor Obukhov.

Academician A.D. Sakharov talks about the softening of the regime after the beginning of perestroika, the call of Mikhail Gorbachev.

And a conversation with him (a fragment of the film "Man for All Seasons").

Meeting Sakharov at the Yaroslavl station after returning from Gorky on December 23, 1986, Sakharov on the run answers questions from journalists.


Sakharov Andrey Dmitrievich - theoretical physicist, public and political figure
Bonner Elena Georgievna - public figure, human rights activist
Bolotovsky Boris Mikhailovich - physicist





Figures of science; Public figures; Policy; Defense and internal security; The War in Afghanistan
Biography; Science; Wars, conflicts and disasters; War