Telecast
How it was (2000) 10.10.2000

Film-document №73566 1 part, Duration: 0:35:05.32 to collection Price category V2
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Part 1 0:35:05

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Producer VID

Anchorperson: Oleg Shklovskij

Reel №1

March 18, 1980 at the top secret Plesetsk cosmodrome occurred one of the most classified catastrophes in the history of the USSR. Shooting catastrophe does not exist.

According to one version, this is due to the fact that the launch of the Vostok-2 launch vehicle was an ordinary, almost routine.

According to other sources, the film with the record of the explosion in Plesetsk was destroyed almost immediately.

The explosion killed about 50 people.

According to the KGB, it was about sabotage, but a thorough investigation revealed a monstrous picture of irresponsibility that reigned in manufacturing plants.

The leadership of the KGB did not dare to give Brezhnev the results of the investigation and blamed all the blame on the "switchmen" - the missile crew's combat calculation.

Confirmation of the inaccuracy of the investigation and the actions of the governmental commission was the pre-emergency situation at the cosmodrome on July 27, 1981, when the temperature The fuel indicators during refueling of the rocket completely coincided with the data of the catastrophe on March 18, 1980.

The main victory in the rehabilitation of the military calculation was achieved on September 6, 1995: Russian Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets signed a government order to the minister Defense with a request to consider and resolve issues related to the rehabilitation of the personnel of the Plesetsk cosmodrome.

This was the result of endless negotiations, reports, visits to the authorities and the work of a specially created interdepartmental commission to investigate the explosion.

In late 1999, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin publicly announced the innocence of the military.

In the studio of the program people who were members of the commission of 1980 gathered, one of those who were blamed for the main blame, and the staff of the cosmodrome, direct witnesses of the explosion.

Together they recall the details of the tragedy: the duty officer at the command post of the spaceport Sergey Sergeev, the deputy head of the settlement group Ivan Kenov, Major Marat Daminev, the leading surgeon of the military hospital in Mirny, Alexander Polunin, the head of the cosmodrome analysis department, Alexander Tolstov.

There are shots of chronicles from different years: Moscow in the run-up to the Olympics-80, from the history of the Plesetsk cosmodrome, Vladimir Putin's visit.

Personnel

Korolev S.P. - Soviet scientist, engineer-designer, general designer of the rocket and space industry of the USSR, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, twice Hero of Socialist Labor. Tolstov A.S. - Cand.Tech.Sci., Senior Researcher, Senior Testing Engineer, Honored Space Technology Tester, Head of the Plesetsk Cosmodrome Analysis Department, Colonel. Grachev P.S. - state and military leader, Hero of the Soviet Union, Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, the first Russian army general. Putin V.V. - State and political figure, President of the Russian Federation, Master of Sports of the USSR in judo and sambo, Honored trainer of the Russian Federation, Colonel of State Security in reserve, Candidate of Economic Sciences.

Calendar

1957-1966 1980

Locations

Moscow [820] Moscow region [788] Arkhangelsk region [768]

Man-made disasters; Space programs; Defense and internal security