How it was 01/23/2001 (2001)

Telecast №73623, 1 part, duration: 0:34:53
Production: VID
Anchor:Oleg Shklovskij

Reel №1

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The uprising in Tbilisi, 1956.

On February 25, 1956, on the last day of the 20th Congress of the CPSU, the press was asked to leave the hall.

First Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Khrushchev goes to the podium and makes a report "On the cult of the individual and its consequences."

The meeting was closed, delegates were warned about strict secrecy.

Khrushchev announced the deviations from the principles of socialist democracy, the gross violations of the rule of law, mass repression and the largest miscalculations made through the fault of Stalin.

In the capital of Georgia, the unrest began immediately.

It was openly said that in the person of Stalin Khrushchev insulted the entire nation.

March 5, the day of the third anniversary of the death of JV Stalin at his monument on the embankment of the Kura began to gather people.

Natural rallies have been organized in other cities of Georgia.

Two days later, from the action of Stalin's memory, the rallies turned into a political speech.

On March 7, the presidium of the rally was elected.

The government was put forward political demands, including the withdrawal of Georgia from the USSR. On March 9, 1956, on the day of the officially declared mourning rally against the demonstrators, government troops were exposed.

The tragic outcome of this confrontation was predetermined.

Accurate data on the number of deaths are unknown until now, the expected figures - from a few tens to 1200 people.

Participants in the events tell about the course of the Tbilisi rallies: in the studio - People's Artist of the Georgian SSR Kakhi Kavsadze, political scientists Guram Dekanoidze and Nodar Natadze, in an interview - the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Young Communist League of Georgia in 1956, Tomaz Janelidze, People's Artist of the Georgian SSR Kote Makharadze, one of the leaders of the rally Grigory Oniani, a relative of the deceased Shalva Gazerelia.

Personnel chronicles of different years: the farewell of the people to Stalin, the report of Khrushchev at the XX Congress of the CPSU, the May Day demonstrations, photographs and the newspaper "Dawn" East, "the graves of the victims of the rallies in 1956, the visit of Nikita Khrushchev to Tbilisi, the digging of the statue of Stalin in 1995.


Khrushchev N.S. - Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, Hero of the Soviet Union, Three times Hero of Socialist Labor. Stalin I.V. - revolutionary, political, state, military and party leader. Kavsadze K.D. - Georgian actor of theater and cinema, leading actor of the Tbilisi Academic Theater named after Shota Rustaveli, People's Artist of the Georgian SSR. Makharadze K.I. - actor of theater and cinema, theater teacher, sports commentator, TV host, People's Artist of the Georgian SSR. Dekanoidze G.E. - socio-political figure, vice-president of the Congress of National Associations of Russia, vice-president of the Society of Georgians of Russia. Natadze N.A. - Doctor of Philology, social and political figure, Chairman of the Popular Front of Georgia.

Calendar: 1930s 03/07/1953 02/25/1956 05/11/1961-12/05/1961 09.1995

Locations: Moscow [820] Tbilisi [859]

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