How it was (2000) 12/05/2000
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The Tbilisi tragedy, 1989.
On April 4, 1989, before the government's house in Tbilisi, a ten-thousand meeting demanded Georgia's withdrawal from the USSR. Among the organizers of the rally were Such bright figures of the Georgian opposition as Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Merab Kostava, Irakli Tsereteli, George Chanturia, Irina Sarishvili.
To stop the speeches in the city were introduced troops.
The confrontation lasted 5 days.
The peak of dramatic situation reached on the night of April 9, when the troops moved to decisive action.
For many protesters, this day was the last.
To investigate the events in Tbilisi, the Joint Commission of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and the Military Prosecutor's Office was established.
The results of her work were not satisfied with the Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR, and in May the commission under the leadership of Anatoly Sobchak started the investigation.
One of the organizers of the meeting, Irina Sarishvili, the former commander of the Transcaucasian Military District Igor Rodionov, a columnist, recalls the details of the tragedy "Literary newspaper" Yuri Rost, members of the commission AA Sobchak academician Oleg Gazenko and director Eldar Shengelaya.
The general picture is complemented by fragments of interviews with the participants of the rally: Rector of the State Theater Institute named after Sh.
Rustaveli Eteri Gugushvili, a resident Tbilisi Nunu Dzheranoshvili, Sergeant of the Central Internal Affairs Directorate Tbilisi Nikolay Lelashvili, actor of the Sh.
Rustaveli Theater Georgy Kharabadze, the Minister of Health of Georgia in 1989 Irakli Menagarishvili.
There are footage of the chronicle: Mikhail Gorbachev's visit to London, military equipment on the streets of Tbilisi, fragments of the rally, night riots on April 9, turning into fights.
PersonnelGorbachev MS - State, political and public figure, the last general secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, the last Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the first chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the only President of the USSR.
Gorbachev R.M. - public figure, a member of the Presidium of the Soviet Cultural Foundation.
Thatcher M.H. - British statesman and politician, Minister of Education and Science (1970-1974), Prime Minister of Great Britain (1979-1990).
Sarishvili-Chanturia I. is a Georgian journalist, public and political figure.
Rodionov I.N. - Soviet state and military leader, army general, Russian defense minister (1996-1997), Russian public and political figure.
Growth Yu.M. - Russian writer, actor, journalist, photographer, member of the board of trustees of the charitable foundation "Sozidanie".
Kharabadze G. - Georgian actor of theater and cinema, People's Artist of the Georgian SSR.
Menagarishvili I.A. - Georgian statesman and politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia (1995-1998, 1998-2003).
Gasenko O.G. - Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Lieutenant General of the Medical Service.
Shengelaya E.N. - Georgian film director, screenwriter, teacher, People's Artist of the USSR, public and political figure.
Rallies; Demonstrations; Army; Policy Society, social activities and community organizations; Social life; Defense and internal security