How it was (2001) 01/16/2001
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The first Soviet atomic bomb, 1949.
It is widely known that in the Soviet Union work on the creation of an atomic bomb began in 1943.
But very few people know that back in the late 30-ies in the Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, a group of young scientists began nuclear research.
About this little known "Kharkov project", about work on the creation of the first Soviet atomic bomb, as well as the reasons for delays in the development of the project are told participants of the program: veteran of Soviet foreign intelligence Vladimir Barkovsky, one of the creators of the Kharkov project Vladimir Shpinel, professor Arkady Brish and professor Anatoly Sudoplatov (fragment of the interview).
One of the main leaders of the Soviet atomic program, Academician Nikolai Dollezhal, also gave his last interview.
Used footage chronicles of different years: the meeting of Stalin with US President Truman in Potsdam, the dumping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, the study period of the Great The Patriotic War, the meeting of Stalin, Molotov and Beria with Academician Kurchatov in the USSR Academy of Sciences, the Rosenberg case, the nuclear test site in Los Alamos, the tests in Semipalatinsk.
PersonnelTruman (Truman) G.S. - American statesman and politician, 33rd US president. Eisenhower D.D. - American statesman and military leader, army general, 34th US president. Stalin I.V. - revolutionary, political, state, military and party figure. Beria LP - a revolutionary, a Soviet state and political figure. Molotov V.M. (Scriabin) - revolutionary, political and statesman, Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, Hero of Socialist Labor. Kurchatov I.V. - Soviet physicist, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, founder and first director of the Institute of Atomic Energy (1943-1960), chief scientific leader of the atomic problem in the USSR, thrice Hero of Socialist Labor, honorary citizen of the USSR. Rosenberg U. (D.) - American Communist, accused of espionage in favor of the USSR, was executed in 1953, the husband of Ethel Rosenberg. Rosenberg E.G. - American Communist, accused of espionage in favor of the USSR, was executed in 1953, the wife of Julius Rosenberg. Barkovsky V.B. - Soviet spy, colonel in retirement, Hero of the Russian Federation, candidate of historical sciences, professor, teacher. Shpinel V.S. - Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR, Chief Researcher of the Department of Nuclear Spectroscopic Methods and Head of the Laboratory of the Sciobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University. Brish A.A. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor, developer of nuclear weapons, Hero of Socialist Labor, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the Russian Federation. Sudoplatov A.P. - Russian scientist-demographer, doctor of economic sciences, professor, writer-publicist, historian of Soviet state security agencies. Dollezhal N.A. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Designer of Nuclear Reactors, twice Hero of Socialist Labor.
Calendar07.1945-08.1945 04.1943 1953
Russia  USA  Kazakhstan  Japan 
World War II; Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Science; Figures of science