The Country and Science.. (1974)

Film-document №7564 5 parts, Duration: 0:50:46, Black-white to collection Price category A

Part 1 digitized in HD 0:10:08

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Producer CSDF (RCSDF)

Director: Zenyakin A.

Script writers: Gastev A.

Operators: Levitan A.

Composers: Denisov E.

Anouncers: Kolychev U.


The film is dedicated to the 250th anniversary of the Science Academy Of the USSR.

Discoveries | Institutions of science


Temporary description

The film is dedicated to 250 anniversary of the founding of the Academy of Sciences. On the basis of archival film documents, photographs and filming of manuscripts, books, and portals in the actual members of the Academy of Sciences in the film describes the role of the Academy in the development of science and economy, the prominent figures of the Academy. The scientific ship "Yuri Gagarin" - on the road. View of Earth from space. Nuclear reactor Voronezh nuclear power station. Archaeological excavations in Novgorod. Academician BA Rybakov tells about the significance of historical science (synchronously). Birch bark. The building of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Decree of Peter I. Sculpture of Peter I. Portraits of the actual members of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, MV Lomonosov Moscow State University, Chebyshev, BS Jacobi, AM Butlerov, Sechenov, K. Baer, D. Mendeleev. Monument MV Lomonosov Moscow State University in front of the building. Cabinet in the building of the Academy of Sciences; plate on the table with the inscription: "Here sat MV Lomonosov". Former lab MV Lomonosov. Antique books. Portraits of foreign members of the Academy of Sciences J. Delambera (France), C. Linnaeus (Sweden), R. Reomyuka (France). Book Lobachevsky. Manuscripts, a portrait of Lobachevsky. Portraits PSPallas, SG Gmelin. Portrait of Zhukovsky. Photo VI Vavilov. Lenin in the Kremlin during a conversation with an American journalist L. Eyrom in February 1920, Articles, Photos Timiryazev. Portrait of the first President of the USSR AN Karpinski, academics Kurnakov, VI Vernadsky, Chaplygin, AF Ioffe, NN Semenov. Story Semenov on the establishment of research institutes (synchronously). Academician AN Bach in the laboratory. Tsiolkovsky at work, a model airship. Academician Pavlov et al. Photo Academician Obruchev. Portrait of Fersman, PP Lazarev. LA Kulik expedition in the area of the Tunguska meteorite fall. Inaugural Meeting of the CEC decision on the attribution of Russia Academy of Sciences of the USSR Academy of items and delivers Kalinin. The construction of the Volkhov hydroelectric station, the development of the Kuznetsk Coal Basin. Students in classrooms and laboratories of institutions. Academician Paton in the study. Academician Alexander Karpinsky at the factory. Cyclotron, made at the Leningrad plant Electrosila. Meeting of the Academy of Sciences, the presence of AP Karpinsky, G. M. Krzyzanowski, Lunacharskii, DN Pryanishnikov. Construction of the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Combine. Academician Nalivkin at work. President of the Kyrgyz branch of the USSR KL Skrjabin in the car. Akademik Schmidt and members of his expedition. Akademik Sergey Vavilov in the laboratory. Portrait of Academician PA Cherenkov, Kapitsa, IV Kurchatov, Flerov. Session VI Mendeleev Congress in November 1932, serves Academician IM Gubkin (synchronously). Meeting of the Academy of Sciences in 1934 and a diploma Krylov. Commemorative meeting of the 200 th anniversary of the Academy of Sciences. Academician IP Bardin, J. T. Tevosyan minister and the secretary Leonid Brezhnev at the metallurgical plant Zaporizhstal. Academician IG Petrovsky and Kolmogorov. The building of the Academy of Sciences in Moscow. Meeting of the Academy of Sciences, supports the president USSR Nesmeyanov. Academician IV Kurchatov tells about the use of atomic energy (synchronously). The atomic icebreaker "Lenin" in the path. Type of Novosibirsk Akademgorodok. Interview with Academician Lavrent'ev (synchronously), and AV Sadykov (synchronously), PN Fedoseev (synchronously), Ovchinnikov (synchronously). Students in the classrooms of the Tashkent University. The building of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. President of the Academy of Sciences of the Latvian SSR Malmeystr with colleagues. President of the USSR MV Keldysh in the study. Portrait of the academicians, AM Prokhorov, AP Aleksandrov, NG Basov, AP Vinogradov, VA Kotelnikov. Academician Lukyanenko in the laboratory. Samples of wheat. Biologists in the laboratory. Academician AV Sidorenko tells of gas fields (synchronously). Computing Center. Academician VA Kirillin with colleagues. American scientists visited the Institute of Chemical Physics. President of the USSR MV Keldysh in the Physical Laboratory of Great Britain. French professor Yu Kyuren talks about cooperation with Soviet scientists (synchronously). UNESCO building in Paris. Building the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Interview with Academician LD Landau, IE Tamm, NN Bogolyubov, AP Vinogradov (synchronously). Academician NG Basov in the laboratory; working laser installation. Observatory. Interview with Academician VA Ambartsumian (synchronously). Academician SP Korolev rises in the elevator. Launch the space rocket. Eruption of the volcano.

Reel №1

Ship "Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin" - the flagship research fleet of the USSR in the sea - LS., MS., CU., PNRM.

Earth - CU. (From space).

Locator - MS.

Kunstkammer in Leningrad - LS., MS., PNRM.

Archaeological excavations in Novgorod - LS.

Hands holding a bark - MS.

Students see the bark - MS.

Said the woman, who found during the excavation of the bark (synchronous) - MS.

Voronezh NPP - LS., MS., PNRM.

Working in a laboratory - CU., MS.

Interview Director of the Institute of History and Archaeology of the USSR Rybakov (synchronous) - CU.

Lenin's work "The Development of Capitalism in Russia» - CU.

PNRM. the bookshelves - MS.

Portrait of Peter the Great - CU., Hitting.

The building of the Academy of Sciences in Leningrad - LS.

Peter the Great's decree on the establishment of the Academy of Sciences in St.

Petersburg - CU., Hitting.

Map of the Caspian Sea, sent by Peter the Great on the French Academy of Sciences - CU., PNRM.

Medal of Peter the Great - CU.

Old paper - CU.; Signature Peter and Vitus Bering - CU.

Seascapes - MS., LS., PNRM.

Boat in the sea - LS., MS., PNRM.

Diaries, old books, works of members of the St.

Petersburg Academy of Sciences - different.

Cabinet of Curiosities, Cabinet Lomonosov - LS., MS., PNRM.; Mock his lab - CU., MS., PNRM.

Monument to Mikhail Lomonosov University in Moscow - CU.

Portraits of the foreign members of the St.

Petersburg Academy of Sciences: Lynne, Reaumur, D'Alembert, Euler - CU.

Portraits Pallas Gmelin - CU.

Training ship at sea - MS.; Mast ship - CU.

University in Kazan - MS., PNRM.

Monument rector of Kazan University Lobachevskii - CU.

Book Lobachevsky "imaginary geometry", manuscript - CU., PNRM.

Book Mendeleev - CU.

Reel №2

Industrial facilities - MS.

Monument of Mendeleev at the Chamber of Weights and Measures in Leningrad - CU., Hitting.

Periodic table of elements on the building and monument of Mendeleev - MS.

The inscription on the building: "Sowing the scientific rise of the harvest folk» - CU., PNRM.

Pages from the magazine - CU.

PNRM. the portrait of Zhukovsky - CU.

Photos of Academician VI Vernadsky - CU., MS.

Newsreel 1920.:

The people on the streets with the slogan - MS.; Square - LS.

Lenin spoke - CU.

Apartment Museum Timiryazev in Moscow offices of scientists - MS.

Lenin's letter to Academician Timiryazev - CU.; Work of Lenin - CU.

The building of the St.

Petersburg Academy of Sciences - MS. (Winter).

The first president of the Soviet Academy of Sciences AP Karpinsky - CU.; Colleagues - academics: NS Kurnakov - the founder of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Analysis - MS.; Vernadsky - geologist and philosopher, creator of the theory of the biosphere and the first president of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine - MS.; Chaplygin - the first director of TsAGI, a student and an employee of Zhukovsky - CU.

Akademik Ioffe in the laboratory at the instruments - MS.

Interview academician NN Semenov (synchronous) - CU.

Academician Alexei Bakh - the founder and first director of the Institute of Physical and Chemical - at work in the lab - MS., CU.

Kaluga city - CU.

Newsreel 1920. :

Ziolkowski at work at home - MS.

A sign on the building: "Experimental Genetics of Higher Nervous Activity» - CU.

Is academician Pavlov - MS.; Among its employees - MS.

Experimental work with the monkeys in the famous nursery in Kolotusha.

Largest geologist and writer Academician VAObruchev - CU., MS.

Book by Obruchev - CU., PNRM.

Academician Fersman - CU.

Acts physicist Lazarev - researcher of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly - MS.

The first scientific expedition across the country, meeting members of the expedition returned.

Newsreel 1925:

Meeting in connection with the awarding of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the name Union: participants climb the stairs, among them Mikhail Kalinin - MS.

Presidium of the meeting, the people in the audience - MS.

Banquet at the House of the Unions: participants banquet Lunacharsky, Mikhail Kalinin - MS.; Foreign visitors - MS.

Newsreel of the 1920-1930's.:

First socialist construction - different.

Chief Engineer Kuznetskstroy IP Bardin in construction - MS., CU.

Training of new staff in schools, colleges, the study, to the factory.

In the laboratory, welding engineers Paton - MS., LS.

Academician Boris Paton in the office - CU.

Academician AP Karpinsky factory - CU.; Talking to workers - LS.

Department of the Leningrad plant "Electric power", where the first Soviet cyclotron made - LS., CU., MS.

Cyclotron - CU.

Meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences - LS.

At the session: Prof.

AP Karpinsky - CU.; Vice president of the academy, the chairman of Gosplan Krzhizhanovsky - MS.; Commissar of Education, Anatoly Lunacharsky, academician Pryanishnikov - CU., Academician P. Lazarev and others - MS.

Reel №3

Newsreel of the 1920-30's.:

Meeting of the Academy of Sciences - LS.

Academician M. CU.zhizhanovsky at the meeting - CU.

Academician Dmitry Nalivkin with the employee in the office - MS., CU.

Hands holding minerals - CU.

Academician KI Skryabin in the car - CU.

City Jambul - LS., PNRM.

Honoring Honorary Academician of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences and an honorary citizen of Jambul Skryabin - MS.

Newspaper articles, reports on the achievements of Soviet science, photographs of buildings - different.

Akademik Vavilov in the laboratory - MS.; With Cerenkov - CU., MS.

Academician K. Frank in the laboratory - MS., PNRM., CU.

Peter Kapitza in the laboratory - MS.

Academician Kurchatov with GN Flerov Peterzhakom laboratory - CU., MS.

Newsreel 1932:

VI Mendeleev Congress in Kharkov - LS.; Listen to the Hall - MS., CU.

Addresses Congress Academician IM Gubkin (synchronously) - CU.

[_] Oil derrick, a fountain of oil - LS., CU.

It takes a train with oil - MS.

Newsreel 1930.:

Meeting of the Academy of Sciences in Moscow - LS.

Scientists at the meeting - MS., CU.

Academician AN CU.ylov - mathematician and naval - CU.; Awarded to Academician AN CU.ylovu diploma - MS.

Industrial landscape in Siberia - LS., PNRM.

Tanks in the factory shop - MS., LS.

Newsreel 1941-1945.:

Tanks, fly planes - LS., PNRM.; Dogfight - LS.; Shoot "Katyusha» - LS.

Soviet scientists and guests at the celebration of two hundred and twenty years of the Academy of Sciences - different.

Newsreel 1945-50's.:

Plant "Zaporizhstal» - LS., PNRM., MS., PNRM.

Academician IP Bardin, Minister metallurgy JF Tevosyan and the secretary of the Party Leonid Brezhnev make ready for launch "Zaporizhstal» - MS., PNRM., LS., PNRM.

Evening Moscow - LS.; Lit lanterns - CU.

Academician Vavilov, who became president in 1946, the Academy of Sciences, is working in the office - MS., CU.

MSU in the Lenin Hills - LS. (Evening).

Lobby MSU - LS.

Classroom talk MSU Rector Academician IG Petrovskii and Kolmogorov - MS., CU., PNRM.

Newsreel 1950.:

Academy of Sciences of the USSR - LS.

Scientists at the meeting - MS., CU.

Acts Academician AN Nesmeyanov, becoming in 1951 the President of the USSR - MS.

Academician Kurchatov said opening the possibility of using nuclear energy (synchronous) - CU.

Atomic icebreaker "Lenin" in the ice - MS.

Akademgorodok - LS. (Helicopter).

Foyer of one of the institutions - LS.

Academician MA Lavrentiev said about the basic principles of the scientists of the Siberian Center (synchronously) - CU., MS.

Students in the classroom - MS.; Listen - CU., MS.

Reel №4

Newsreel 1950.:

Far Eastern Research Center - MS., PNRM.

Head of Research Center Andrei Kapitsa - CU.

Presidium meeting FESC - MS., PNRM.

Students in class at the Tashkent University audience - LS., MS., CU.

Researcher in the laboratory of the first and so far the only department in the country - natural compounds in Tashkent - MS.

Cotton field - MS., PNRM.

Meeting of scientists - LS.

Listening to - MS.

Said Academician AV Sadykov (synchronously) - CU.

Welded construction - MS., LS.

Welding - CU.

Newsreel 1960.:

President of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Academician Paton says - MS.

Building, hit a sign "The Academy of Sciences of the USSR."

Institute for Superhard Materials - CU.

Laboratory of the Institute of Cybernetics - CU., PNRM.

President of the Academy of Sciences of the Latvian SSR AK Malmeyster with the Laboratory - MS., LS., CU.

The building, a sign "the Presidency of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR» - MS.; Staff at the entrance.

Scientists are talking in a room of the USSR, including academics, Prokhorov, A. Alexandrov, Basov - different.

President of the USSR Keldysh - CU., MS.

Academician Fedoseev talking about creating favorable conditions for the construction of the material-technical base of communism (synchronously) - CU.

Meeting of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR - LS.

At the podium: MV Keldysh, AP Vinogradov, VA Kotelnikov Fedoseev - MS., PNRM.

Academician KI Skryabin - CU.

Academician AP Aleksandrov and others listen.

Newsreel 1971:

The building of the Kremlin Palace of Congresses - LS., Hitting.

Session XXIV Congress of the CPSU - LS.

PNRM. the hall, members of the Congress applauded, PNRM. a presidium - LS.

The General Secretary of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev (synchronously) - MS.

Newsreel 1960:

Kursk Magnetic Anomaly: running wheel excavator, transport topsoil and rock conveyors - CU., MS.

Passing "BelAZ» - CU.

The driver in the cab car - MS.

A group of engineers at the Classroom Institute headed by academician Tselikov - LS.

Shop steel plant - LS.; Process hot metal - CU., MS.

Wheat - CU., LS.

Academician Lukyanenko laboratory examines samples of wheat bread prepared try it.

Laboratory Institute of protein synthesis, which is developing a method of production of organic protein.

Shop Novogorkovsk of pilot plant protein and vitamin concentrates - MS., PNRM., CU.

Said Academician Yuri Ovchinnikov - MS., CU.

Biological Research Centre: research work in the laboratory - MS., LS.

IG Spirin - CU.

Land the plane - LS.

Place in Siberia, where deployed Exploration - LS.

Says academician A. Sidorenko - CU.

Flying helicopter - MS.

Computing Center of the USSR: the operator at the computer - MS., CU.

Reel №5

Computing Center of the USSR: work computers, data input and viewing data issued computer center staff.

Academician Fedorenko - Head of Economics and Mathematics Institute - CU.

Institute of Computing Machinery - CU.

Voronezh nuclear power - LS., PNRM. (Inside).

MHD generator - LS.

Academician VA Kirillin and his colleagues for the development of the industrial version of MHD - MS., CU.

American and Soviet scientists at the Institute of Chemical Physics - MS., CU.

Academician NN Semenov - CU.

President of the USSR Keldysh and other scientists at the National Physical Laboratory in the UK - LS., MS., CU.

Professor Hubert Kyuren (France) - CU.

Particle accelerator in Serpukhov - LS.

Foreign scientists in the lab - MS., CU.

The building of the Paris branch YUNESKO - CU.

In the study group of scientists involved in the research problems under the direction of Doctor of Philosophy Professor VV Mshveniradze and French scientist Professor Ave - MS., CU.

PNRM. the building - CU.

Scientists in the laboratory of the Institute - MS.

On the development of physics says academician Landau - CU.; Academician Tamm - CU.; Academician Bogolyubov - CU.

Laser flash - CU.

Laboratory Academician Basov, where he developed a variety of aspects of the theory and practical application of the laser - MS.

Basov - CU.

Exploring a new type of laser domestic production: conduct experiments on a rabbit in a laboratory Research Institute of Eye Diseases.

In the laser system Director Institute of Eye Diseases, corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences, Professor Mikhail Krasnov - CU.

Observatory - CU., LS.

BA said Academician Ambartsumian - CU.

Newsreel 1960.:

Space rocket at Baikonur - LS.

Academician SP Korolev rises to lift the rocket launcher - MS.

SP Korolev and Academician Keldysh - CU., PNRM.; Inspect installation - MS., LS.

Gagarin to space flight - CU.

Starting rocket - different.

Earth - LS. (From space).

Academician AP Vinogradov and co-workers in the laboratory - MS.

Said Academician Vinogradov - CU.

The surface of the moon - CU.

Image of the surface of the moon on the screen - CU.

Volcanic eruption - CU.

The red-hot mass - CU.

Taiga - LS. (The plane).

Ocean Waves - CU.

Scientific ship "Yuri Gagarin" in the sea - CU.