A special report (2002) 11.2002
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The burning summer of 2002.
On March 19, the fire services of the Moscow region received the first signal that peatlands burned in the Orekhovo-Zuyevo district.
Shatursky, Egoryevsky and Pavlovo-Posadsky districts followed him.
In July, a resolution of the governor Boris Gromov in more than 7 districts of the Moscow region introduced an emergency situation.
September 3 he was declared in 20 districts, and all available reserves of equipment and labor were thrown into the fight against fire.
As a result of these fires, a lot of forest burned down, the village of Shiryaevo turned into ashes, and a cadet of the State Academy of Fire Protection Dmitry Ivanov died in the fire.
In the deep autumn, the residents of the Shatura district still felt the smell of burning in the air, and a fog screen was still spread around the nearby forests.
Many forests in the Moscow region resembled a dump of wood - during the peat bog fires, the root system of the trees could not stand, as a result, there was a massive self-extraction, clearing work was carried out almost around the clock.
This problem has almost a century of history.
Prior to the arrival of the Soviet authorities, on the site of the current peatlands there were vast swamps, then in the 1920s, according to the GOELRO plan, they were drained and began to extract peat.
After development in a drained area, a certain amount of peat remained, over the years, deposits of hazardous raw materials turned into a powder keg, waiting in the wings.
For the first time this hour struck in 1972.
That summer, when extinguishing fires, more than 100 people died, peat settled under the weight and absorbed not only people, but even equipment.
In terms of its scope, that year was not inferior to 2002, the same areas and the same amount of area burned, only in 1972 did they act on the territory of peatlands drainage systems that allowed fire trucks to be filled on the spot, plus more than 70 thousand people were involved in the elimination of fire.
This year, the fire extinguished only more than 5 thousand people.
Interview: Boris Gromov, Governor of the Moscow Region, Sergey Tarasov, Chief of the Guard of the 33rd Shatursky District Fire Station, forester of the Ramensky Forestry Kirill Babeshko, Head 286-1 of the Fire Department of the Shatursky District Petr Stetsienko, First Deputy Prime Minister of the Moscow Region Alexei Panteleev, First Deputy Prosecutor of the Moscow Region Alexander Mitusov, Head of Administration of the Ramensky District, Vladimir Demin, First Deputy Minister of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation Valery Roshchupkin.
PersonnelGromov B.V. - Russian politician, military leader, colonel-general, Hero of the Soviet Union.
Panteleev, A.B. - Candidate of Psychology, lawyer, reserve colonel, statesman and political figure.
Roshchupkin V.P. - Candidate of Economic Sciences, member of the Academy of Social Sciences, social and political activist, mayor of Omsk (1994-2000), head of the Federal Forestry Agency (2004-2008), Honored Worker of the Housing and Public Utilities of the Russian Federation, labor veteran.
Special services; Disasters Defense and internal security; Geography and Nature; Wars, conflicts and disasters