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How it was (2000) 24.10.2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:34:48.12 to collection V2 2/20/2018

"Passion for Andrew," 1965.

The release of the program is dedicated to the history of creating a masterpiece by Andrei Tarkovsky - the film "Andrei Rublev."

The difficult fate of the picture and its author, the search for performers of the main roles, the endless nitpicking of officials from the cinema - about this and about many other things in the studio Actors Nikolai Burlyaev, Margarita Terekhova, Yuri Nazarov, director of the film Tamara Ogorodnikova, editor-in-chief of the Mosfilm studio in 1965 Alexander Rekemchuk recall the actors.

The closed premiere of the film took place in 1967 and caused mixed feelings among the Goskino leadership of the USSR.

The filmmakers were accused of propaganda of violence and cruelty, the film was remounted, reduced, eventually shelved and threatened to be destroyed.

The limited hire "Andrey Rublev" saw in 1971, and the real premiere of the restored film took place only in 1987. However, this picture Was sent to the International Cannes Film Festival in 1969 and received a special prize there (the film was shown outside the competition), it is to this day Is among the ten best national films in Russia, it is her many authoritative foreign critics who are among the ten best movies in the history of cinema.

The program included fragments of the film and working moments of filming, an anti-religious plot of the 1960s, an excerpt of the documentary "Three Andrews" (1966, director DM Musautov) and an interview with the actor and director Vasily Livanov, who presented AA Tarkovsky and A. Konchalovsky with the initial idea.

How it was (2000) 24.04.2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:36:48.8 to collection V2 2/20/2018

"Son of NS Khrushchev - a traitor or a hero?

The case of 1943 ".

Over the past few years, our press has published many publications about Nikita Khrushchev's eldest son, Leonid.

Most of them put it in a negative light.

About what only do not write!

Accused of that in his youth he allegedly participated in robbery robberies, involved in the murder of a man, during the war he went over to the side of the enemy and shot the Red Army men.

Others argue that in his youth Leonid worked as a mechanic at the plant, then entered the air school, during the war was an excellent fighter pilot, heroically fought the Nazis and died while performing a combat mission.

...

How it was (2000) 05/23/2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:37:08.605 to collection V2 2/20/2018

Newsreel footage of the consequences of the breakthrough of the dam of the Petrovsky plant in the city of Kiev on March 13, 1961.

Rimma Buzinovskaya recalls the chronology of the event, as it was flooded with mud.

Newsreel footage of the consequences of the breakthrough of the dam, the rescue of the victims.

Anatoly Karanda tells how he saved Rimma Buzinovskaya in a flooded house.

Says the man who participated in the rescue of people from the mud.

Chronicle of the Second World War in Kiev, Babi Yar. 1941 year.

Anisimov Alexander speaks about the reasons for the breakthrough of the dam at the Petrovsky plant.

...

How it was (2000) 01/23/2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:02 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The atomic bomb: tests on people, 1954.

When one of the biggest man-made disasters occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, at numerous press conferences immediately after the tragedy, Phrase: "This is the largest nuclear catastrophe, which caused the greatest radioactive damage of people.

In the USSR, nothing like this has ever happened. "

But it was a lie.

For 32 years before Chernobyl, secret military exercises with the use of atomic weapons were conducted at the Totsky training ground.

As a result, tens of thousands of people were exposed to direct nuclear irradiation, and most of the documents associated with this event are classified to this day.

The TASS report that on September 14 in the Soviet Union in the area of ​​the village of Totsky, Orenburg region, one of the types of nuclear weapons was tested, Appeared in the newspaper "Pravda" from 17.09.1954. The first deputy minister of defense of the USSR Marshal Georgy Zhukov led the exercises.

...

How it was (2000) 11/21/2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:14.8 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The defeat of Soviet genetics, 1948.

Since the 1930s, biological science in the USSR has become an arena of violent passions and dramatic events.

The fates of some people were broken, and the careers of others reached unthinkable heights.

The second half of the 40s of Soviet ideology is a growing campaign to combat "sycophancy in front of the West."

In the universities of the country there is a special subject: the history of science.

At the lectures, students are explained that almost all the great discoveries in science were made by Russian scientists.

In the summer of 1948, the government publicly gives the go-ahead for the defeat of genetics.

...

How it was (2000) 2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:01 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The economic miracle of Kazakhstan, 1970.

In the early 60's, the economist Ivan Khudenko was given control of the Iliisky State Farm, where the country's first successful experiment to introduce self-financing was put in place.

In record time, the number of employees fell from a few hundred to several dozen people, while labor productivity increased In 20 times, the production of grain increased, its prime cost decreased by 10 times, and the average salary of collective farmers was three times higher than in any other economy of the country.

In the press there were enthusiastic publications, Kazakh documentaries shot about Khudenko the film "Man on Earth", but in 1963 the experiment was closed, explaining this by saying that such a system is far from socialism.

Nevertheless, in 1969 Ivan Khudenko struck a permit for the next experiment.

At an absolutely empty place, the Akchy state farm, specializing in the production of vitamin herbal flour, was built.

They also introduced a system of self-financing, several times increased the productivity of labor, and wages, and the quality of products.

...

How it was (2000) 2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:34:57.4 to collection V2 2/20/2018

"X-Files 84".

October 7, 1984 from Rostov flew a passenger plane Tu-134, flight 8352 on the route "Tbilisi-Rostov-Tallinn".

At 120 km from Minsk, a powerful light beam illuminated the cockpit of the pilots.

The ray came from an unknown object, in the shape of a star.

Having reached the plane, the light took the practically exact form of the Tu-134, only without wings.

For lack of a camera, the pilots could not shoot, but co-pilot Gennady Lazorin managed to sketch something.

The beam of light gradually moved on the plane, however, as soon as the navigator contacted the dispatching service of Minsk, the object ceased its pursuit.

...

How it was (2000) 18.07.2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:37:13.68 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The act of terrorism in Arkhangelsk, 1954.

May 1, 1954 during a festive demonstration on the Trade Union Square twice convicted Nikolai Romanov rose to the podium and opened fire from a stolen pistol.

Assistant Commander of the White Sea garrison, Lieutenant-General A. Soloviev and Deputy Chairman of the Arkhangelsk City Executive Committee S. Kharitonov perished On the spot, the head of the agricultural department of the regional committee of the CPSU M.A. Ogarkov and the member of the regional committee D. D.Tomilov were injured.

Victims could be more, the terrorist still had another shot not fired.

Fortunately, the colonel of the border troops Sergey Bobkov, who was walking in the column of demonstrators with his children and was in front of the rostrum at the moment of shooting, did not lose his grip, he helped detain the terrorist.

The case was handled by the prosecutor's office of the White Sea Military District and the KGB. Gradually the business was gaining momentum, more and more people, relatives, friends and acquaintances of NG Romanov were drawn into it, but no connections were found between them.

Even carried out forensic psychiatric examination of the accused, which for those years was a rarity.

...

How it was (2000) 16.04.2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:07.085 to collection V2 2/20/2018

Cinema epopee "Liberation".

How it was (2000) 16.01.2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:02.324 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The uprising in Temirtau in 1959.