Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:02V2 2/20/2018
The atomic bomb: tests on people, 1954.
When one of the biggest man-made disasters occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, at numerous press conferences immediately after the tragedy, Phrase: "This is the largest nuclear catastrophe, which caused the greatest radioactive damage of people.
In the USSR, nothing like this has ever happened. "
But it was a lie.
For 32 years before Chernobyl, secret military exercises with the use of atomic weapons were conducted at the Totsky training ground.
As a result, tens of thousands of people were exposed to direct nuclear irradiation, and most of the documents associated with this event are classified to this day.
The TASS report that on September 14 in the Soviet Union in the area of the village of Totsky, Orenburg region, one of the types of nuclear weapons was tested, Appeared in the newspaper "Pravda" from 17.09.1954. The first deputy minister of defense of the USSR Marshal Georgy Zhukov led the exercises.
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:14.8V2 2/20/2018
The defeat of Soviet genetics, 1948.
Since the 1930s, biological science in the USSR has become an arena of violent passions and dramatic events.
The fates of some people were broken, and the careers of others reached unthinkable heights.
The second half of the 40s of Soviet ideology is a growing campaign to combat "sycophancy in front of the West."
In the universities of the country there is a special subject: the history of science.
At the lectures, students are explained that almost all the great discoveries in science were made by Russian scientists.
In the summer of 1948, the government publicly gives the go-ahead for the defeat of genetics.
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:01V2 2/20/2018
The economic miracle of Kazakhstan, 1970.
In the early 60's, the economist Ivan Khudenko was given control of the Iliisky State Farm, where the country's first successful experiment to introduce self-financing was put in place.
In record time, the number of employees fell from a few hundred to several dozen people, while labor productivity increased In 20 times, the production of grain increased, its prime cost decreased by 10 times, and the average salary of collective farmers was three times higher than in any other economy of the country.
In the press there were enthusiastic publications, Kazakh documentaries shot about Khudenko the film "Man on Earth", but in 1963 the experiment was closed, explaining this by saying that such a system is far from socialism.
Nevertheless, in 1969 Ivan Khudenko struck a permit for the next experiment.
At an absolutely empty place, the Akchy state farm, specializing in the production of vitamin herbal flour, was built.
They also introduced a system of self-financing, several times increased the productivity of labor, and wages, and the quality of products.
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:34:57.4V2 2/20/2018
October 7, 1984 from Rostov flew a passenger plane Tu-134, flight 8352 on the route "Tbilisi-Rostov-Tallinn".
At 120 km from Minsk, a powerful light beam illuminated the cockpit of the pilots.
The ray came from an unknown object, in the shape of a star.
Having reached the plane, the light took the practically exact form of the Tu-134, only without wings.
For lack of a camera, the pilots could not shoot, but co-pilot Gennady Lazorin managed to sketch something.
The beam of light gradually moved on the plane, however, as soon as the navigator contacted the dispatching service of Minsk, the object ceased its pursuit.
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:34:57.88V2 2/20/2018
Battle in the sky over Vladivostok, 1953.
The history of one of the most mysterious conflicts between the USSR and the US during the Cold War began on the last day of the war in Korea.
On July 27, 1953, the Soviet The military transport aircraft Il-12, carrying the highest army officers, flew from Port Arthur to Vladivostok.
Flying over the mountainous regions of China, he was attacked and shot down by an American fighter. 21 people, including the crew, were killed.
After that, within two days, the situation changed dramatically.
July 29, 1953, two Soviet MiG-17 fighter aircraft of the Pacific Fleet 15 kilometers south of the island Askold in our territorial waters was shot down an American aircraft violator type B-50.
The history of the conflict is told in detail by the participants of the events: the officer of the radio reconnaissance of air defense forces in the 1950s, Alexander Orlov and air combat participant July 29, 1953 Yury Yablonovsky.
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:03.6V2 2/20/2018
The first All-Union rock festival "Tbilisi-80", 1980.
The Baltimore Sun, March 5, 1980: "According to unconfirmed reports, an unofficial music festival is taking place in the capital of Soviet Georgia, Tbilisi.
It involves more than twenty rock bands performing music that is not officially allowed in the USSR. It is reported that the festival is held under the aegis of party and Komsomol bodies.
If this information is confirmed, then this event can be regarded as a serious defeat of hardliners in the Kremlin. "
In the early days of March 1980, a TASS correspondent reported from Tbilisi: "The capital of Georgia is covered with a musical fever, here is the First All-Union Rock Festival."
Already the very neighborhood of the words "All-Union" and "rock" seemed unreadable, implausible.
Nevertheless, the memories of this event are still alive in the memory of the participants and guests of the event.
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:37:13.68V2 2/20/2018
The act of terrorism in Arkhangelsk, 1954.
May 1, 1954 during a festive demonstration on the Trade Union Square twice convicted Nikolai Romanov rose to the podium and opened fire from a stolen pistol.
Assistant Commander of the White Sea garrison, Lieutenant-General A. Soloviev and Deputy Chairman of the Arkhangelsk City Executive Committee S. Kharitonov perished On the spot, the head of the agricultural department of the regional committee of the CPSU M.A. Ogarkov and the member of the regional committee D. D.Tomilov were injured.
Victims could be more, the terrorist still had another shot not fired.
Fortunately, the colonel of the border troops Sergey Bobkov, who was walking in the column of demonstrators with his children and was in front of the rostrum at the moment of shooting, did not lose his grip, he helped detain the terrorist.
The case was handled by the prosecutor's office of the White Sea Military District and the KGB. Gradually the business was gaining momentum, more and more people, relatives, friends and acquaintances of NG Romanov were drawn into it, but no connections were found between them.
Even carried out forensic psychiatric examination of the accused, which for those years was a rarity.
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:07.085V2 2/20/2018
Cinema epopee "Liberation".
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:02.324V2 2/20/2018
The uprising in Temirtau in 1959.
Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:36:55.6V2 2/20/2018
"The Turn of the Northern Rivers", 1984.
After the adoption of the Food Program in the Soviet Union, a project was prepared that could be called "the Project of the Century".
The main idea of the authors was to transfer part of the runoff of the northern and Siberian rivers to the south of the country with the aim of irrigating drylands.
According to some scientists, this project could overnight transfer the USSR to the communist "tomorrow", according to others - to plunge the country into prehistoric chaos.
A huge number of design institutes and ministries were working on the project, it was expected to attract huge financial resources.
Among the opponents of the project were representatives of the creative intelligentsia: mathematician Lev Pontryagin, academicians Nikolai Krasovsky and Yuri Osipov, writers Vasily Belov and Sergei Zalygin, journalist Victor Yaroshenko and many others.
In the studio, people met who took the most active part in exposing the project: scientists Mikhail Zelikin, Stanislav Zhukov, Alexei Reteium, Boris Iskakov, Vera Bryusova.