How it was (2001) 05/15/2001
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AnnotationConfrontation between the USSR and the United States. The Star Wars of 1983.
On June 18, 1982, Soviet air defenses conducted large-scale nuclear exercises in outer space.
Two CC11 ballistic missile silos were launched, SS20 medium-range mobile missiles and a ballistic missile from a Delta class submarine.
Two anti-missiles were launched on their warheads.
At the same time, the satellite Cosmos-1379 intercepted a target imitating the US satellite Transit.
Address plan of the CIA headquarters in Washington.
Door with electronic digital code.
Center for Testing and Controlling Parts of Space Applications of the USSR.
Launch of a ballistic missile.
Graphics: a military satellite intercepts a missile.
Host Oleg Shklovsky in the studio retells the events of 1982, telling about the speech of US President Ronald Reagan.
Video chronicle: Reagan addresses the television address on March 23, 1983.
Proclaims the doctrine of strategic defense of the initiative (SDI) of the United States.
Multimedia graphics of the times of the arms race (star wars).
The guest of the program Oleg Grinevsky recreates the events of the past, speaks of the reaction of the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, Yuri Andropov, to Reagan's speech.
Explains why in subsequent negotiations the American side made a proposal to ban ABM systems.
Video chronicle: Reagan's speech on August 11, 1984 in which he declares the Soviet Union illegal: "A nuclear strike against Soviet strategic targets will begin in five minutes."
As it turned out later, it was a joke.
Georgy Kornienko talks about his participation in the meeting of the General Staff of the USSR, during which it was decided to take a set of measures to neutralize possible threats from the US, the creation of its own defense systems.
Oleg Grinevsky talks about the technical specifications of the deployment of missile defense systems and features of the complex.
Discusses the US reaction to the response in the Soviet Union, the likely threat of a nuclear war between the two countries.
Video chronicle: multimedia graphics - American missile defense system destroys Soviet missiles, allegedly launched towards the US.
Nikolai Detinov talks about the negotiations between the USSR and the USA; On the development by Soviet scientists of a new zonal ABM system "Terra-3" based on a powerful laser, its follower laser locator LE-4.
Describes SDI response programs undertaken in the United States.
Interview with Oleg Baklanov, who tells about the testing of laser installations in the USSR.
Video chronicle: launch vehicle "Energia" in the workshop hangar, on the site of the Baikonur cosmodrome, launching the rocket into space.
Nikolai Detinov also talks about other experimental programs conducted in the Soviet Union in the framework of missile defense, one of them is the use of microwave (microwave) radiation to detect and neutralize enemy ballistic missiles.
According to Detinov, the SOI program was discontinued in the US, as the Americans were convinced of the impossibility of its implementation, but successful developments continue to be used in other projects.
For example, the program "Brilliant eyes", "Brilliant stones".
An interview with Robert McFarlane, one of the founders of the SDI doctrine, which talks about the emergence of the idea of SDI, emphasizes that he never believed in the real implementation of the program.
According to him, the main strategic goal "was to call Russia for an arms race, for new gigantic expenditures and to lead the Soviet economy to collapse."
PersonnelKornienko Georgy - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR (1977-86).
Grinevsky Oleg - an employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR (1980).
Nikolai Detinov is a participant in the Soviet-American negotiations on nuclear and space weapons (1981-1995).
Baklanov Oleg - Minister of General Mechanical Engineering of the USSR (1983-1988 gg.).
McFarlane Robert - National Security Advisor to the US President Ronald Reagan.