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How it was (2001) 05.06.2001

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:08.535 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The chronicle of the flight of the reusable spaceship "Buran".

Baklanov Oleg speaks about the space-to-earth system.

Lozino-Lozinsky Gleb speaks about the project of the orbital plane "Spiral" and the ships "Shuttle" and "Buran".

Chronicle of the flight of the shuttle spaceship Shuttle.

Ryabov Yakov talks about supervising the project "Buran".

Baklanov Oleg speaks about the capabilities of a super-powerful launch vehicle.

Igor Zverev, Georgy Kostin, Menshikov Valery talk about the creation of special productions for the construction of the ship "Buran".


How it was (2001) 04/05/2001

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:34:55.025 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The conflict between North and South Korea (1950-53)

How it was (2001) 04/03/2001

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:03.725 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The catastrophe of the ship "Alexander Suvorov" June 5, 1983.

How it was (2000) 05/29/2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:36:57.911 to collection V2 2/20/2018

Videorecord: negotiations of Viktor Chernomyrdin with the President of Tajikistan E. Rakhmonov.

Boris Yeltsin's meeting. and Rakhmonov E.

The signing by the Presidents of Russia and Tajikistan of an agreement on the protection of the Tajik-Afghan border.

The withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan in February 1989.

The beginning of hostilities on the Tajik-Afghan border on the night of July 13, 1993.

Lieutenant Merzlikin reports on the release of the surviving border guards of 12 outposts from the encirclement.

Weekdays Moscow border guard.


How it was (2000) 02/27/2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:34:50.72 to collection V2 2/20/2018

On the night of 3 to 4 June 1989, a gas explosion occurred on the Asha-Ulu-Telyak stretch due to a gas pipeline failure.

At that moment two counter trains came to the place of the accident: Adler-Novosibirsk and Novosibirsk-Adler.

As a result of the explosion, both compositions were completely destroyed, about 1000 people died (accurate data are still not available).

The investigation into the disaster case was originally initiated by officials from the Ministry of the Gas Industry, top-ranking leaders who They demanded to take a gas pipeline with numerous shortcomings, however, in a few months the case was terminated, and only a few builders appeared before the court.

The Ashinskaya catastrophe is the peak of the consequences of the existence of an ineffective, emergency economic system, a system of general irresponsibility that has been shaking the USSR for 70 years.

The guests of the program together restore the course of events, talk about the details of the disaster, about the investigation, about the dead friends and relatives.

The conversation involved journalist Alexander Borin, conductor of the train "Novosibirsk-Adler" Alexander Trifonov, passenger train "Novosibirsk-Adler" Herman Ruddy, investigator Salavat Karimov, chairman of the Omsk Association of Victims of the Railway Catastrophe near Ufa Ivan Mikheev.


How it was (2000) 24.10.2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:34:48.12 to collection V2 2/20/2018

"Passion for Andrew," 1965.

The release of the program is dedicated to the history of creating a masterpiece by Andrei Tarkovsky - the film "Andrei Rublev."

The difficult fate of the picture and its author, the search for performers of the main roles, the endless nitpicking of officials from the cinema - about this and about many other things in the studio Actors Nikolai Burlyaev, Margarita Terekhova, Yuri Nazarov, director of the film Tamara Ogorodnikova, editor-in-chief of the Mosfilm studio in 1965 Alexander Rekemchuk recall the actors.

The closed premiere of the film took place in 1967 and caused mixed feelings among the Goskino leadership of the USSR.

The filmmakers were accused of propaganda of violence and cruelty, the film was remounted, reduced, eventually shelved and threatened to be destroyed.

The limited hire "Andrey Rublev" saw in 1971, and the real premiere of the restored film took place only in 1987. However, this picture Was sent to the International Cannes Film Festival in 1969 and received a special prize there (the film was shown outside the competition), it is to this day Is among the ten best national films in Russia, it is her many authoritative foreign critics who are among the ten best movies in the history of cinema.

The program included fragments of the film and working moments of filming, an anti-religious plot of the 1960s, an excerpt of the documentary "Three Andrews" (1966, director DM Musautov) and an interview with the actor and director Vasily Livanov, who presented AA Tarkovsky and A. Konchalovsky with the initial idea.

How it was (2000) 24.04.2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:36:48.8 to collection V2 2/20/2018

"Son of NS Khrushchev - a traitor or a hero?

The case of 1943 ".

Over the past few years, our press has published many publications about Nikita Khrushchev's eldest son, Leonid.

Most of them put it in a negative light.

About what only do not write!

Accused of that in his youth he allegedly participated in robbery robberies, involved in the murder of a man, during the war he went over to the side of the enemy and shot the Red Army men.

Others argue that in his youth Leonid worked as a mechanic at the plant, then entered the air school, during the war was an excellent fighter pilot, heroically fought the Nazis and died while performing a combat mission.


How it was (2000) 05/23/2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:37:08.605 to collection V2 2/20/2018

Newsreel footage of the consequences of the breakthrough of the dam of the Petrovsky plant in the city of Kiev on March 13, 1961.

Rimma Buzinovskaya recalls the chronology of the event, as it was flooded with mud.

Newsreel footage of the consequences of the breakthrough of the dam, the rescue of the victims.

Anatoly Karanda tells how he saved Rimma Buzinovskaya in a flooded house.

Says the man who participated in the rescue of people from the mud.

Chronicle of the Second World War in Kiev, Babi Yar. 1941 year.

Anisimov Alexander speaks about the reasons for the breakthrough of the dam at the Petrovsky plant.


How it was (2000) 01/23/2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:02 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The atomic bomb: tests on people, 1954.

When one of the biggest man-made disasters occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, at numerous press conferences immediately after the tragedy, Phrase: "This is the largest nuclear catastrophe, which caused the greatest radioactive damage of people.

In the USSR, nothing like this has ever happened. "

But it was a lie.

For 32 years before Chernobyl, secret military exercises with the use of atomic weapons were conducted at the Totsky training ground.

As a result, tens of thousands of people were exposed to direct nuclear irradiation, and most of the documents associated with this event are classified to this day.

The TASS report that on September 14 in the Soviet Union in the area of ​​the village of Totsky, Orenburg region, one of the types of nuclear weapons was tested, Appeared in the newspaper "Pravda" from 17.09.1954. The first deputy minister of defense of the USSR Marshal Georgy Zhukov led the exercises.


How it was (2000) 11/21/2000

Telecast, 1 part, Duration: 0:35:14.8 to collection V2 2/20/2018

The defeat of Soviet genetics, 1948.

Since the 1930s, biological science in the USSR has become an arena of violent passions and dramatic events.

The fates of some people were broken, and the careers of others reached unthinkable heights.

The second half of the 40s of Soviet ideology is a growing campaign to combat "sycophancy in front of the West."

In the universities of the country there is a special subject: the history of science.

At the lectures, students are explained that almost all the great discoveries in science were made by Russian scientists.

In the summer of 1948, the government publicly gives the go-ahead for the defeat of genetics.


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